|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
29 Jun 2022
Wheat : 147 Average Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : 147 Best Max Price: 1925 Min Price: 1881   |   Wheat : Dara Max Price: 2160 Min Price: 1850   |   Wheat : Lok-1 Max Price: 2275 Min Price: 2250   |   Wheat : Lokwan Gujrat Max Price: 2140 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : PISSI Max Price: 2005 Min Price: 2005   |   Wheat : 1482 Max Price: 2303 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Local Max Price: 2750 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Sonalika Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 2000   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Ponni Max Price: 1923 Min Price: 1832   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 64 Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1940   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : ADT 43 Max Price: 1461 Min Price: 1370   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : AST 16 Max Price: 1846 Min Price: 1786   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : 1001 Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1400   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Max Price: 2153 Min Price: 1800   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Mahsuri Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1800   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : B P T Max Price: 2160 Min Price: 1750   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1010 Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1930   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Swarna Masuri (New) Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1750   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Common Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 1260   |   Rice : Fine Max Price: 3440 Min Price: 3200   |   Rice : III Max Price: 3050 Min Price: 1900   |   Rice : Ratnachudi (718 5-749) Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 3400   |   Rice : Common Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2000   |   Maize : Deshi Red Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 1870   |   Maize : Deshi White Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 1950   |   Maize : Hybrid/Local Max Price: 1850 Min Price: 1850   |   Maize : Local Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 1700   |   Maize : Yellow Max Price: 2040 Min Price: 2020   |   Maize : Hybrid Max Price: 1850 Min Price: 1850   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar ( White) Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2000   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2500   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Red Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 3600   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (F.A.Q. Split) Max Price: 4325 Min Price: 4250   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (Whole) Max Price: 5850 Min Price: 5720   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Gulabi Max Price: 5230 Min Price: 5230   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : 999 Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4250   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram (Whole) Max Price: 8050 Min Price: 7950   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 4000   |   Groundnut : DMV-7 Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 5900   |   Groundnut : Local Max Price: 5750 Min Price: 5500   |   Groundnut : G20 Max Price: 7075 Min Price: 7050   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : White Max Price: 11335 Min Price: 10875   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Black Max Price: 10905 Min Price: 10000   |   Mustard : Laha(Sarsib) Max Price: 6140 Min Price: 6100   |   Mustard : Lohi Black Max Price: 6525 Min Price: 6420   |   Mustard : Sarson(Black) Max Price: 6600 Min Price: 6380   |   Mustard : Mustard Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4500   |   Soyabean : Soyabeen Max Price: 6780 Min Price: 3000   |   Cotton : MCU 5 Max Price: 8600 Min Price: 8400   |   Cotton : Local Max Price: 8750 Min Price: 8500   |   Apple : American Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 10000   |   Apple : Delicious Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 8000   |   Apple : Kasmir/Shimla - II Max Price: 9900 Min Price: 8200   |   Apple : Apple Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 6000   |   Banana : Medium Max Price: 6900 Min Price: 1800   |   Banana : Ordinary Big Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2500   |   Banana : Nendra Bale Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 5000   |   Banana : Banana - Ripe Max Price: 10500 Min Price: 2200   |   Banana : Red Banana Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 6300   |   Banana : Rasakathai Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 6000   |   Banana : Poovan Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana : Robusta Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 1800   |   Banana : Palayamthodan Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2600   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1700   |   Mango : Safeda Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 6000   |   Mango : Totapuri Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 5000   |   Mango : Dusheri Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1900   |   Mango : Langra Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 1400   |   Mango : Neelam Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2000   |   Mango : Badami Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 2500   |   Pineapple : Pine Apple Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 5000   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 7500   |   Onion : Nasik Max Price: 1850 Min Price: 850   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 900   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 2200   |   Onion : Small Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2700   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 180   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 2700 Min Price: 270   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 1550 Min Price: 700   |   Potato : F.A.Q. Max Price: 800 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : Red Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 1200   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 2420 Min Price: 2020   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 900   |   Garlic : Average Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4300   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 3440   |   Garlic : UP Max Price: 4250 Min Price: 4150   |   Ginger(Dry) : Dry Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 15000   |   Ginger(Dry) : Vegitable-fresh Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 1980 Min Price: 1900   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Deshi Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1900   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 1960   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Local Max Price: 2430 Min Price: 1875   |   Barley (Jau) : Dara Max Price: 2710 Min Price: 2000   |   Barley (Jau) : Deshi Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2750   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 230   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 3000   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 700   |   Brinjal : Round Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 400   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 750   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 45000 Min Price: 44000   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 7514 Min Price: 5685   |   Turmeric : Bulb Max Price: 6399 Min Price: 5339   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 5100   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 5000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 4000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 5750 Min Price: 5750   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7620 Min Price: 6000   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2800   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 900   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 900   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2750   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 800   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 2500   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2100   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 770   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 5400 Min Price: 350   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 110   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 300   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 350   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2500   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 800   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2800   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 1000   |   Beans : Local Max Price: 5805 Min Price: 5805   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1100   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 3000   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2100   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 10900   |   Coconut Seed : Coconut Seed Max Price: 3300 Min Price: 2500   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Fine Max Price: 4350 Min Price: 3500   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 8000   |   Coconut : Coconut Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 1950   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 1100   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 800   |   Snakeguard : Snakeguard Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2000   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 280   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 250   |   Ridgeguard(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 3700   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 1100   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1500   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 400   |   Mango (Raw-Ripe) : Mango - Raw-Ripe Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2500   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 800   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 4050 Min Price: 500   |   Karbuja(Musk Melon) : Karbhuja Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1200   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 7050 Min Price: 6100   |   Masur Dal : Masur Dal Max Price: 8420 Min Price: 8380   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 9300 Min Price: 9080   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram Dal Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 6660   |   Black Gram Dal (Urd Dal) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 9170 Min Price: 8550   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Green Gram Dal Max Price: 8650 Min Price: 8550   |   Ground Nut Seed : Ground Nut Seed Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 7750   |   French Beans (Frasbean) : French Beans (Frasbean) Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 4600   |   Pointed gourd (Parval) : Pointed gourd (Parval) Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1300   |   Round gourd : Round gourd Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 1200   |   Lemon : Lemon Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 3500   |   Sponge gourd : Sponge gourd Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 1400   |   Colacasia : Colacasia Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 3000   |   Apricot(Jardalu/Khumani) : Apricot(Jardalu/Khumani) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1500   |   Cherry : Cherry Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 7000   |   Plum : Plum Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 3200   |   Pear(Marasebu) : Pears Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 5200   |   Peach : Peach Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 3000   |   Spinach : Spinach Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1800   |   Tinda : Tinda Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3400   |   Mint(Pudina) : Mint(Pudina) Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2000   |   Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-White) : Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-white) Max Price: 8210 Min Price: 6000   |   Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-White) : Kabul Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 3000   |   White Peas : White Peas Max Price: 6620 Min Price: 6450   |  

Policy + Research


Gene editing as the next-gen plant breeding tool for breeders

Gene editing as the next-gen plant breeding tool for breeders

The basis of plant breeding is the availability of trait variation and diversity in different crops, that can be brought together into a variety or hybrid with multiple superior qualities or characteristics.

Share with : Facebook Whatsapp Twitter Linkedin

By Dr Ratna Kumria, Director-Biotechnology, AAI and Dr Shivendra Bajaj, Executive Director, FSII-AAI

NEW DELHI, 18 September 2020: The basis of plant breeding is the availability of trait variation and diversity in different crops, that can be brought together into a variety or hybrid with multiple superior qualities or characteristics.

Plant breeders have been collecting wild variants of different crops for transferring better traits from wild to domesticated varieties. Random genetic variation historically has also been generated by treating seeds with various agents and selecting for plants with superior traits.

These breeding methods were limited to plants that could be crossed with each other. However, genetic modification gave the breeders an opportunity to incorporate genes from different species into the plants, thereby increasing manifold, the available repertoire of genetic variation.

The latest addition to breeder’s toolbox - gene editing, can enable changes similar to previously induced random changes (practiced by breeders in the past), generate variation similar to wild varieties as well as introduce genes in a plant, efficiently and in the most precise manner.

The non-specificity and randomness in the previous processes led to a laborious, time-consuming and multi-generation selection process to select the plant with the required trait. These limitations can be overcome by gene editing, with precise and specific changes being made based on our knowledge of the trait.

Knowledge-based and user friendly- The precision of the technology requires detailed prior information regarding the gene being modified and the variation being executed.

Gene-editing technology is being hailed as user friendly and easy to execute as it's enabled by the enormous historical crop-wise data associating a gene to trait and the complete genetic sequence of multiple crops and varieties that has become available in recent years. Detailed information about the gene being modified as well as the precise modifications are the pre-requisite for gene editing.

The intermediate GMO phase- The editing machinery and the target sequence can be inserted in the plant to carry out the change and later bred out or it can be provided transiently to affect the change. Therefore, the process of gene editing might have a GMO phase but the final variety or product would be devoid of any foreign gene insertion and have only the small variation at a designated position.

Researchers are actively working towards a process without a GMO phase for editing, this will improve the efficiency and further reduce the time for accomplishing the change.

The possibility of unintended changes- Gene editing technology is based on the exact gene sequence but due to redundancy in the short sequences, there is a possibility of editing occurring in not-target sites. This possibility can be managed and reduced with better design of the components as well as using improved editing machinery.

Researchers are continually working to improve the design and reduce any unintended changes. However, active weeding out of any edits that may have occurred in other traits as well as backcrossing with the parent plant to breed out unintended changes if any, can take care of any such concerns.

The technology has a lot of potentials- Be it trees, plants with multiple genomes, orphan crops or wild varieties, gene editing has the potential to solve multiple challenges quickly.

The information and know-how from various plants can be applied to make crop plants climate-resilient, low input requiring, pest resistant and sustainable for the environment. The devastating disease can be addressed using editing e.g greening disease of oranges, panama disease of banana, viral disease of tomato, nematode infections of soybean, fungal diseases of American chestnut, and Elm trees, cacao fungal disease, and pest etc.

Crops can be improved to yield better with lesser fertilizer and water inputs and withstand extreme climate conditions. The first gene-edited crops that are in the market are with improved consumer traits like better quality soybean oil and non-browning mushroom. Many other crops with enhanced consumer traits are in the pipeline, including low gluten wheat, high fibre wheat, tomatoes with enhanced flavour, berries without seeds and thorns, non-browning apples and potatoes etc.

Gene editing can open a whole new horizon for plant breeders, including many more food crops for cultivation and improvement, enabling multiple improvements in a short time and making plant breeding less time consuming and labour intensive.

Gene editing will allow plant breeders to change the way crops are grown in fields as well as contained environments to harness their potential to the fullest.

The technology itself is evolving towards improved precision and addressing current concerns. Gene editing will increase our pace for developing high yielding, stress-resilient, sustainable and nutritive varieties in multiple crops in the next decade or so, positively impacting food security in a sustainable manner.

Alliance for Agri Innovation (AAI) is the special interest group of Federation of Seed Industry of India (FSII)


© Copyright 2022 Agriculture Times. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of Agriculture Times content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent.

Support our venture and help farming commmunity in India. If you want us the work better FUND US. For as little as INR 10, you can support2.jpg the AgriTimes™ and it only takes a minute. Thank you.

Partners