|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
28 Jul 2021
Wheat : 147 Average Max Price: 2050 Min Price: 1600   |   Wheat : Bansi Max Price: 1791 Min Price: 1600   |   Wheat : Dara Max Price: 1975 Min Price: 1460   |   Wheat : Dara Mill Quality Max Price: 1775 Min Price: 1750   |   Wheat : Kalyan Max Price: 2095 Min Price: 1805   |   Wheat : Lok-1 Max Price: 2006 Min Price: 1740   |   Wheat : Lokwan Max Price: 2140 Min Price: 1600   |   Wheat : Lokwan Gujrat Max Price: 1930 Min Price: 1500   |   Wheat : Maharashtra 2189 Max Price: 2050 Min Price: 1500   |   Wheat : Mexican Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 1900   |   Wheat : Mill Quality Max Price: 1975 Min Price: 1500   |   Wheat : MP Sharbati Max Price: 2050 Min Price: 1881   |   Wheat : MP(Desi) Max Price: 1709 Min Price: 1706   |   Wheat : Sharbati Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1770   |   Wheat : Deshi Max Price: 1850 Min Price: 1750   |   Wheat : White Max Price: 2377 Min Price: 1006   |   Wheat : Local Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1500   |   Wheat : Super Fine Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 2800   |   Wheat : Medium Max Price: 4801 Min Price: 4801   |   Wheat : Sonalika Max Price: 1980 Min Price: 1750   |   Wheat : Hybrid Max Price: 1885 Min Price: 1675   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 64 Max Price: 1888 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : ADT 37 Max Price: 1852 Min Price: 1133   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : 1001 Max Price: 1888 Min Price: 1550   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 2200   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Mahsuri Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Dappa Max Price: 1101 Min Price: 1101   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy fine Max Price: 1920 Min Price: 1500   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Medium Max Price: 1975 Min Price: 1350   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Coarse Max Price: 1765 Min Price: 1250   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : B P T Max Price: 2083 Min Price: 1492   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Swarna Masuri (OLD) Max Price: 1780 Min Price: 1500   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1001 Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 1200   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1010 Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Masuri Max Price: 1550 Min Price: 1530   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Swarna Masuri (New) Max Price: 1888 Min Price: 1868   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : HMT Max Price: 2022 Min Price: 1303   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Common Max Price: 1890 Min Price: 1260   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Fine Max Price: 1910 Min Price: 1750   |   Rice : 1009 Kar Max Price: 3710 Min Price: 1600   |   Rice : Coarse Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1900   |   Rice : Fine Max Price: 6800 Min Price: 2400   |   Rice : Fine(Basmati) Max Price: 6230 Min Price: 6030   |   Rice : H.Y.V. Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : III Max Price: 3190 Min Price: 1800   |   Rice : IR-8 Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : Masuri Max Price: 3050 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : Medium Max Price: 4900 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : Pusa Basmati Raw (Old) Max Price: 3050 Min Price: 3050   |   Rice : Sona Mansoori Non Basmati Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2700   |   Rice : Jaya Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2700   |   Rice : Ratnachudi (718 5-749) Max Price: 2950 Min Price: 2850   |   Rice : Broken Rice Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1800   |   Rice : Hansa Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 3380   |   Rice : Mataa Parboiled Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 3600   |   Rice : Common Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 2000   |   Maize : Deshi Red Max Price: 2450 Min Price: 1200   |   Maize : Hybrid Red (Cattle Feed) Max Price: 1990 Min Price: 1970   |   Maize : Hybrid/Local Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 1200   |   Maize : Local Max Price: 2034 Min Price: 1069   |   Maize : Red Max Price: 1850 Min Price: 1750   |   Maize : White (SAFED) Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 1860   |   Maize : Yellow Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1250   |   Maize : Hybrid Max Price: 1670 Min Price: 1500   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar ( White) Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1002   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar (Yellow) Max Price: 1680 Min Price: 1380   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1516   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar Hybrid Max Price: 1580 Min Price: 1551   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Red Max Price: 2501 Min Price: 1240   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Average (Whole) Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 3600   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (F.A.Q. Split) Max Price: 4950 Min Price: 4250   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (Whole) Max Price: 6140 Min Price: 3911   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Small (Split) Max Price: 5820 Min Price: 5340   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Jawari/Local Max Price: 5900 Min Price: 3545   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Kanta Max Price: 4850 Min Price: 4090   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 5235 Min Price: 4700   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Desi Max Price: 7125 Min Price: 5200   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram (Whole) Max Price: 11200 Min Price: 4500   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 10500   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green (Whole) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 1760   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green Gram Dhall-I Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 5320   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Local (Whole) Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 5750   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 6900 Min Price: 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|   Mustard : Lohi Black Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 5850   |   Mustard : Sarson(Black) Max Price: 7195 Min Price: 5150   |   Mustard : Yellow (Black) Max Price: 7110 Min Price: 5400   |   Mustard : Mustard Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 5000   |   Soyabean : Yellow Max Price: 9891 Min Price: 4500   |   Soyabean : Soyabeen Max Price: 9770 Min Price: 5400   |   Sunflower : Bold Max Price: 6059 Min Price: 5759   |   Sunflower : Sunflower Max Price: 5886 Min Price: 5886   |   Cotton : Shanker 6 (B) 30mm FIne Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5000   |   Cotton : MCU 5 Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4900   |   Cotton : Narma BT Cotton Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 5255   |   Jute : TD-5 Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 5970   |   Apple : American Max Price: 12510 Min Price: 4500   |   Apple : Delicious Max Price: 21500 Min Price: 3400   |   Apple : Golden Max Price: 12800 Min Price: 10900   |   Apple : Hajratbali Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2250   |   Apple : Kasmir/Shimla - II Max Price: 13450 Min Price: 8450   |   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Min Price: 1500   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 3400 Min Price: 1100   |   Banana : Bhushavali(Pacha) Max Price: 1220 Min Price: 1180   |   Mango : Safeda Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2700   |   Mango : Totapuri Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2200   |   Mango : Dusheri Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 800   |   Mango : Chausa Max Price: 5800 Min Price: 1900   |   Mango : Langra Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 1020   |   Mango : Dinga Max Price: 2650 Min Price: 2515   |   Mango : Neelam Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 600   |   Mango : Badami Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 1900   |   Pineapple : Pine Apple Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Grapes : Annabesahai Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 2600   |   Grapes : Black Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 5600   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2000   |   Onion : Nasik Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1770   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 440   |   Onion : White Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 640   |   Onion : Pusa-Red Max Price: 1990 Min Price: 1965   |   Onion : Local Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 400   |   Onion : Hybrid Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 800   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 230   |   Onion : Puna Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 900   |   Onion : Telagi Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 800   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2000   |   Onion : Small Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2700   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 1000   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 1450 Min Price: 250   |   Potato : Red Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Jalander Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 800   |   Potato : Badshah Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 200   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 1100 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Kufri Megha Max Price: 1100 Min Price: 920   |   Garlic : Average Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 2700   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 4000   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 400   |   Garlic : UP Max Price: 5850 Min Price: 5750   |   Chili Red : Red Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 13500   |   Ginger(Dry) : Dry Max Price: 16500 Min Price: 4500   |   Ginger(Dry) : Vegitable-fresh Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2000   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 1374 Min Price: 1218   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Deshi Max Price: 1570 Min Price: 1000   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 1035   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Local Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 1000   |   Barley (Jau) : Dara Max Price: 1925 Min Price: 1480   |   Barley (Jau) : Deshi Max Price: 1680 Min Price: 1680   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Fine Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2800   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Local Max Price: 2010 Min Price: 2010   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Red Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 2159   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 400   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 700   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 300   |   Brinjal : Round Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 600   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 400   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 200   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 400   |   Black pepper : Ungrabled Max Price: 40000 Min Price: 35500   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 39000 Min Price: 37000   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 7709 Min Price: 4870   |   Turmeric : Turmeric Stick Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 9500   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 7229 Min Price: 4500   |   Turmeric : Bulb Max Price: 6869 Min Price: 5050   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 5000   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Local Max Price: 5034 Min Price: 5034   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 600   |   Methi(Leaves) : Methi Max Price: 5450 Min Price: 2000   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 5250   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 6800 Min Price: 3465   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 9130   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Medium Max Price: 5910 Min Price: 5330   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Desi(Whole) Max Price: 6900 Min Price: 5700   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Small (Whole) Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 6300   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 6183 Min Price: 4059   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Red Max Price: 6303 Min Price: 4635   |   Green Peas : Green Peas Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 11000   |   Safflower : Safflower Max Price: 4709 Min Price: 4650   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masur Dal Max Price: 7415 Min Price: 5560   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 6770 Min Price: 5500   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masoor Gola Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 4250   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 3000   |   Linseed : Linseed Max Price: 7950 Min Price: 5600   |   Chikoos(Sapota) : Sapota Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 800   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 700   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 750   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 1800   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 9300 Min Price: 1200   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 4100 Min Price: 600   |   Tomato : Sankar Max Price: 2210 Min Price: 2100   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 400   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 3750 Min Price: 500   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 267   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 1200   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 550   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 400   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 800   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 400   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 5600 Min Price: 350   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 500   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 650   |   Chilly Capsicum : Chilly Capsicum Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 1325   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 800   |   Cowpea (Lobia/Karamani) : Cowpea (Whole) Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 2000   |   Beans : Beans (Whole) Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 1200   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 900   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1600   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1280   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 4725   |   Corriander seed : Badami Steam Max Price: 8450 Min Price: 8350   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Horse gram (Whole) Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 3000   |   Foxtail Millet(Navane) : Navane Hybrid Max Price: 2727 Min Price: 2400   |   Castor Seed : Castor seed Max Price: 5585 Min Price: 4000   |   Castor Seed : Caster Max Price: 5450 Min Price: 5125   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 19500 Min Price: 8300   |   Dry Chillies : Dabbi Max Price: 23509 Min Price: 20829   |   Dry Chillies : Kaddi Max Price: 7100 Min Price: 6700   |   Dry Chillies : Guntur Max Price: 18000 Min Price: 16000   |   Soanf : Soanf Max Price: 12255 Min Price: 5000   |   Ajwan : Ajwan Max Price: 13060 Min Price: 5000   |   Coconut : Coconut Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 1900   |   Coconut : Big Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 1700   |   Coconut : Grade-I Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 25000   |   Sweet Potato : Sweet Potato Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 600   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 300   |   Snake gourd : Snakeguard Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 800   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 500   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 200   |   Ridge gourd(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 5250 Min Price: 1000   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 250   |   Thondekai : Thondekai Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 960   |   Green Avare (W) : Green Avare (W) Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1500   |   Chow Chow : Chow Chow Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 1000   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 1000   |   Chapparad Avare : Chapparada Avarekai Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Mango (Raw-Ripe) : Mango - Raw-Ripe Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 900   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 500   |   Peas Wet : Peas Wet Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 3000   |   Seemebadnekai : Seemebadanekai Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1600   |   Knool Khol : Knool Khol Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 500   |   Suvarna Gadde : Suvarnagadde Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 1000   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 950   |   Jack Fruit : Jack Fruit Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 550   |   Guava : Guava Navalur Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 4000   |   Guava : Guava Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 500   |   Karbuja(Musk Melon) : Karbhuja Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 1300   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1500   |   Suva (Dill Seed) : Suva (Dill Seed) Max Price: 5115 Min Price: 4500   |   Masur Dal : Masur Dal Max Price: 11100 Min Price: 6600   |   Masur Dal : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 5900   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 10600 Min Price: 8000   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : U.P. (Split) Max Price: 8960 Min Price: 8940   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram Dal Max Price: 8200 Min Price: 5300   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 6300 Min Price: 6200   |   Black Gram Dal (Urd Dal) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 7840   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Green Gram Dal Max Price: 11200 Min Price: 7450   |   Ground Nut Seed : Ground Nut Seed Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 7000   |   Avare Dal : Avare (Whole) Max Price: 6100 Min Price: 5800   |   Alasande Gram : Alasande Gram Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 3469   |   Chennangi Dal : Chennangi Dal Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 7800   |   Elephant Yam (Suran) : Elephant Yam (Suran) Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1988   |   French Beans (Frasbean) : French Beans (Frasbean) Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1500   |   Indian Beans (Seam) : Indian Beans (Seam) Max Price: 3875 Min Price: 2750   |   Surat Beans (Papadi) : Surat Beans (Papadi) Max Price: 3875 Min Price: 2750   |   Pegeon Pea (Arhar Fali) : Pigeon Pea (Arhar Fali) Max Price: 8650 Min Price: 4650   |   Little gourd (Kundru) : Little gourd (Kundru) Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Pointed gourd (Parval) : Pointed gourd (Parval) Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 800   |   Long Melon(Kakri) : Long Melon (Kakri) Max Price: 920 Min Price: 440   |   Peas cod : Peas cod Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 2000   |   Lemon : Lemon Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Sponge gourd : Sponge gourd Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 800   |   Groundnut pods (raw) : Groundnut pods (raw) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 3500   |   Papaya (Raw) : Papaya (Raw) Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 750   |   Groundnut (Split) : Groundnut(Split) Max Price: 8375 Min Price: 7750   |   Colacasia : Colacasia Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 550   |   Plum : Plum Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1000   |   Pear(Marasebu) : Pears Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 700   |   Squash(Chappal Kadoo) : Squash(Chappal Kadoo) Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1500   |   Mashrooms : Mashrooms Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4500   |   Turnip : Turnip Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1500   |   Spinach : Spinach Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 600   |   Peas(Dry) : Peas(Dry) Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 4800   |   Tinda : Tinda Max Price: 3450 Min Price: 800   |   Amla(Nelli Kai) : Amla Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 3800   |   Onion Green : Onion Green Max Price: 5250 Min Price: 1100   |   Mint(Pudina) : Mint(Pudina) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2500   |   Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-White) : Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-white) Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 5100   |   White Peas : White Peas Max Price: 7100 Min Price: 5020   |   Guar Seed(Cluster Beans Seed) : Whole Max Price: 4050 Min Price: 4000   |   Guar Seed(Cluster Beans Seed) : Split Max Price: 4325 Min Price: 4025   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Sugandha Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 2200   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basmati 1509 Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 2250   |  

Knowledge


COVID19: Impacts on Indian agriculture sector

COVID19: Impacts on Indian agriculture sector

Indian governments have swung into actions since the Corona virus attack and the immediate challenges that COVID19 has posed to the farm sector and suggest mitigation measures to ensure a sustainable food system in the post-crisis period, writes ICRISAT authors, Dr Peter Carberry & Dr Arabinda Kumar Padhee

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HYDERABAD, 18 April 2020: The ongoing health crisis around COVID19 has affected all walks of life. Protecting lives of people suffering from the disease as well as frontline health responders have been the priority of nations. Governments have swung into actions since the Corona virus attack created an unprecedented situation.

India declared a three-week nation-wide lockdown till mid-April in the initial phase, which has subsequently been extended till May 3 for achieving satisfactory containment of the virus spread.

During these challenging times, how does Indian Agriculture respond to the crisis and how do government measures affect 140 million farm households across the country and thereafter impact the economy of a very important country in the developing world? We assess the immediate challenges that COVID19 has posed to the farm sector and suggest mitigation measures to ensure a sustainable food system in the post-crisis period.

Indian finance minister announces INR 1.7 trillion package

Immediately after the nation-wide lockdown was announced, the Indian Finance Minister declared an INR 1.7 trillion package, mostly to protect the vulnerable sections (including farmers) from any adverse impacts of the Corona pandemic.

The announcement, among a slew of benefits, contained advance release of INR 2000 to bank accounts of farmers as income support under PM-KISAN scheme. The Government also raised the wage rate for workers engaged under the NREGS, world’s largest wage guarantee scheme.

Under the special scheme to take care of the vulnerable population, Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (Prime Minister’s scheme for welfare of the poor), has been announced. Additional grain allotments to registered beneficiaries were also announced for the next three months.

Cash and food assistance to persons engaged in the informal sector, mostly migrant laborers, have also been announced for which a separate PM-CARES (Prime Minister Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations) fund has been created.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has issued state-wise guidelines for farmers to be followed during the lockdown period. The advisory mentions specific practices during harvest and threshing of various rabi (winter sown) crops as well as post-harvest, storage and marketing of the farm produce.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has also announced specific measures that address the “burden of debt servicing” due to COVID19 pandemic. Agricultural term and crop loans have been granted a moratorium of three months (till May 31) by banking institutions with 3 percent concession on the interest rate of crop loans up to INR 300,000 for borrowers with good repayment behavior.

Immediate challenges

In spite of all these measures and in view of continuing restrictions on movements of people and vehicular traffic, concerns have been raised regarding negative implications of COVID19 pandemic on the farm economy. This is the peak of rabi season in India and crops like wheat, gram, lentil, mustard, etc. (including paddy in irrigated tracts) are at harvestable stage or almost reaching maturity. This is also the time when the farm harvests reach the mandis (market yards) for assured procurement operations by designated government agencies.

Moreover, any severe disruption to the supply of perishable fruits and vegetables, dairy products, fish, etc. having mobilized to meet the increasing demand from a bulging middle class as well as urban and rural consumers, may create irreparable damage to all actors in the supply chain.

 The migration of workers from few parts to their native places has also triggered panic buttons, as they are crucial for both harvesting operations and post-harvest handling of produce in storage and marketing centers. The Union Home Ministry, in a very significant move, has notified to exclude movement of farmers, farm laborers and harvesting and sowing-related machines from the purview of lockdown.

Availability & transportation of food grains

Making the food grains, fruits and vegetables and other essential items available to consumers, both in rural and urban areas, is the most critical challenge for Government machinery during the lockdown period. Smooth functioning of the supply chain, with adequate safety measures for the people involved, is of paramount importance.

Transportation of public distribution system (PDS) items to last mile delivery agents, by both rail and road, has to be ensured by respective Government agencies. Distribution of the commodities to vulnerable population, while maintaining prescribed guidelines and protocol, particularly of social distancing, must be effectively monitored.

As the ongoing lockdown coincides with the rabi harvesting season, farmers across the country look up to the Government to ensure uninterrupted harvesting of the crops as well as smooth procurement operations.

Intra-State movements of farmers/laborers

The Union Home Ministry’s circular waiving restrictions on the inter- and intra-State movements of farmers/laborers, as well as harvesting and related farm machines, is indeed a step in right direction. While ensuring availability of laborers for critical farm operations, their safety (from any COVID infection) and welfare must be prioritized by the Government systems.

The sale of dairy products; fish; poultry, etc. has also been hit during the lockdown period as the uptake by the organized industry players has been affected due to shortage of workforce and transport issues.

As weather has been very erratic over past few months in many parts, harvested produce must also be protected from such risks.

Mitigation measures

The poor sections of society are always the hardest hit in any disaster or pandemic situation. With about 85 percent of Indian farm households being small and marginal farmers, and a significant part of the population being landless farm laborers, welfare measures to contain any damage from COVID are definitely going to help them with sincere implementation.

The focus of the Government therefore has to be to protect the lives of every citizen. However, people living on agriculture and allied activities, mostly those losing their income from informal employment at this lockdown period, have to be provided with alternative avenues (cash transfers) till the economy bounces back (when this health crisis is successfully overcome).

To sustain the demand for agricultural commodities, investments in key logistics must be enhanced. Moreover, e-commerce and delivery companies and start-ups need to be encouraged with suitable policies and incentives.

The small and medium enterprises, running with raw materials from the agriculture and allied sector or otherwise, also need special attention so that the rural economy doesn’t collapse.

To address immediate concerns of scarcity of farm labor

To obviate the immediate concerns of scarcity of farm labor, policies must facilitate easy availability of machinery through state entities, Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) or custom hiring centers (CHCs) with suitable incentives. It is also suggested to explore leveraging NREGS funds to pay part of the farm labor (with farmers paying the balance wage amount) to lessen the monetary burden on the farmer, while ensuring wage employment to the landless laborers and workers.

To answer queries relating to the announced measures of Government and addressing grievances of farmers, besides providing advisories on farm operations; availability of agri-inputs, dedicated toll-free helplines/call centers (in local/vernacular languages) must be established by the Government.

Agriculture in India is a State subject

Agriculture in India is a State subject, and as has been observed in past years, policies and programs vary from one State to the other. However, agricultural activities, being interconnected in neighboring regions, agri-sops or benefits must not distort the market scenario. Waiver of farm loans, evidences suggest, have not fully benefitted the majority of small and marginal farmers.

Rather, it affects the future credit behavior of the borrowers and thus negatively impacts the agricultural credit culture altogether. As the kharif (rainy/wet) season is fast approaching, institutional lending of crop loans should be expanded and facilitated for smooth (and sufficient) flow of credit to borrowing farmers. Agri-inputs – seeds, fertilizers, agro-chemicals, etc. – have to be pre-positioned for easy availability. Private sector must play a significant role with necessary policy support.

Relaxation of the norms by Agricultural Produce Market Committees

Relaxation of the norms by Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) allowing farmers to sell their produce beyond the designated mandis will certainly ease the burdens of farmers. State Governments must gear up their machineries for smooth procurement operations of farmers’ marketable surpluses at MSP (minimum support price) or through other price support schemes.

Under the COVID19 pandemic, being a health crisis of unprecedented proportions, the major share of future Budget allocations obviously (and logically so) would be apportioned for the health sector. However, investments should not be crowded out of the primary sector to prevent irreversible damage to the farm economy.

Manufacturing and services sectors may be severely hit in the short run till the time the economy bounces back. It will be thus very appropriate to focus attention on the agriculture sector as a growth engine and also to bring resilience in food (and nutrition) security. At this critical stage, where climate change is already adversely impacting the agriculture sector, productive investments, including on research and innovation, would be very purposeful.

Structural reforms in agriculture sector

Structural reforms such as land leasing, contract farming and private agricultural markets, etc. have long been advocated to bring enhanced investments into the agriculture sector and to push its growth. However, there has not been uniform implementation of these legislations by State Governments and so the full potential of the sector is unrealized. These reforms need significant political will. Concerns of a slowdown in the zeal of States, post-COVID scenario, could be tackled with suitable incentive mechanisms by the Federal Government to the States.

With a burgeoning population, there is a corresponding rise in food demand in India. However, the negative externalities of the Green Revolution, particularly the environmental trade-offs and staple cereals fundamentalism, have since been realized. It is thus desirable to switch over to a suitable model with a far stronger nutrition focus where diets are more diverse. A post-COVID situation offers that unique opportunity to repurpose the existing food and agriculture policies for a healthier population.

Agricultural exports policies

There have been global concerns, rather speculations, on restriction of exports of agricultural commodities by a few global players. India, being trade-surplus on commodities like rice, meat, milk products, tea, honey, horticultural products, etc. may seize the opportunities by exporting such products with a stable agri-exports policy.

India’s agricultural exports are valued at 38 billion US Dollars in 2018-19 and can rise up further with conducive policies. Development of export-supportive infrastructure and logistics would need investments and support of the private sector, that will be in the long term interests of farmers in boosting their income.

Favorable monsoon in the 2020 season

Many climate models predict a favorable monsoon in the 2020 season (the India Meteorological Department has also since officially announced) as the El-Nino weather phenomenon, that disrupts rainfall in India, is not evident. This is indeed a good news in the COVID scenario, assuming agriculture can practice largely unscathed.

Good news is that Government of India has now increased its focus on nutrition (besides food)- security and raising farmers’ income (rather than enhancing farm productivity). Changing the consumer behavior with suitable programs and incentives is already in the agenda.

For all these to happen, the existing landscape of policy incentives that favor the two big staples of wheat and rice has to change. Designing agricultural policies, post-COVID19 scenario, must include these imperatives for a food systems transformation in India.

About the authors: Dr Peter Carberry, Director General, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

Dr Arabinda Kumar Padhee, Director, Country Relations and Business Affairs - New Delhi, ICRISAT. Padhee is Country Director-India and Carberry is Director General at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT).

Views expressed are authors own. (Only the headline has been changed, sub headings have been added)

Source: ICRISAT


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