|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
22 May 2024
Wheat : 147 Average Max Price: 2750 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : 2189 No. 1 Max Price: 2850 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : 2189 No. 2 Max Price: 3055 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Bansi Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2300   |   Wheat : Dara Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2240   |   Wheat : Kalyan Max Price: 3540 Min Price: 2060   |   Wheat : Lok-1 Max Price: 2750 Min Price: 2300   |   Wheat : Lokwan Max Price: 3005 Min Price: 2150   |   Wheat : Lokwan Gujrat Max Price: 2845 Min Price: 1970   |   Wheat : Maharashtra 2189 Max Price: 2280 Min Price: 2100   |   Wheat : Milbar Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 2250   |   Wheat : Mill Quality Max Price: 2971 Min Price: 15   |   Wheat : Rajasthan Tukdi Max Price: 2790 Min Price: 2225   |   Wheat : Sharbati Max Price: 3900 Min Price: 2150   |   Wheat : White Max Price: 2645 Min Price: 2645   |   Wheat : Local Max Price: 3780 Min Price: 75   |   Wheat : Super Fine Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 3700   |   Wheat : Medium Fine Max Price: 2575 Min Price: 2285   |   Wheat : Medium Max Price: 2790 Min Price: 2275   |   Wheat : Sonalika Max Price: 2775 Min Price: 2425   |   Wheat : Hybrid Max Price: 3250 Min Price: 2000   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1500   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Ponni Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2400   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 36 Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 1850   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 64 Max Price: 2203 Min Price: 2183   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : ADT 37 Max Price: 2287 Min Price: 1301   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : ADT 43 Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 1852   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : AST 16 Max Price: 2230 Min Price: 2170   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : 1001 Max Price: 2209 Min Price: 1900   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Basumathi Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 2905   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Puspa (MR 301) Max Price: 3025 Min Price: 800   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Max Price: 2833 Min Price: 1400   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy fine Max Price: 2350 Min Price: 1650   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Medium Max Price: 2650 Min Price: 2100   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Coarse Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 1690   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Hansa Max Price: 2043 Min Price: 1800   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R.-64 Max Price: 2183 Min Price: 1902   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : B P T Max Price: 2335 Min Price: 2067   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Samba Masuri Max Price: 2203 Min Price: 2203   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1010 Max Price: 2203 Min Price: 1750   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Swarna Masuri (New) Max Price: 2203 Min Price: 2183   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : HMT Max Price: 3055 Min Price: 1385   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sarvati Max Price: 2340 Min Price: 2150   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Common Max Price: 4100 Min Price: 1630   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Fine Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 2193   |   Rice : 1009 Kar Max Price: 4850 Min Price: 2650   |   Rice : Coarse Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1900   |   Rice : Fine Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 2860   |   Rice : Fine(Basmati) Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4200   |   Rice : III Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2500   |   Rice : IR-8 Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 3600   |   Rice : Masuri Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 3300   |   Rice : Medium Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : Sona Mansoori Non Basmati Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3300   |   Rice : Super Fine Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4700   |   Rice : Sona Max Price: 6040 Min Price: 2350   |   Rice : Broken Rice Max Price: 2865 Min Price: 2000   |   Rice : Mataa Parboiled Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4600   |   Rice : Common Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2650   |   Maize : Deshi Red Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 1542   |   Maize : Hybrid Red (Cattle Feed) Max Price: 2370 Min Price: 2100   |   Maize : Hybrid/Local Max Price: 2412 Min Price: 1750   |   Maize : Local Max Price: 2320 Min Price: 1878   |   Maize : White (SAFED) Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2300   |   Maize : Yellow Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1911   |   Maize : Hybrid Max Price: 2580 Min Price: 2000   |   Maize : Medium Max Price: 2460 Min Price: 1924   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar ( White) Max Price: 4808 Min Price: 1800   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar (Yellow) Max Price: 5103 Min Price: 2000   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Local Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 2105   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : White Max Price: 4660 Min Price: 3565   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar Hybrid Max Price: 3180 Min Price: 1906   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Red Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1800   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Annigeri Max Price: 2180 Min Price: 2080   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Hybrid Max Price: 2195 Min Price: 2060   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Average (Whole) Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 3000   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (F.A.Q. Split) Max Price: 6830 Min Price: 2000   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (Whole) Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5450   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Gulabi Max Price: 5440 Min Price: 5440   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Jawari/Local Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 5209   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Kabul Small Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 6650   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : 999 Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 2548   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Medium Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 4750   |   Red Gram : AL-15 Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 5800   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Rajkot T-9 Max Price: 9005 Min Price: 7355   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Desi Max Price: 9940 Min Price: 8750   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram (Whole) Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 5000   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 13000   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 4655   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 9400 Min Price: 7400   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green (Whole) Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 6959   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green Gram Dhall-I Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 6500   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Local (Whole) Max Price: 8900 Min Price: 8750   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 8770 Min Price: 5000   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 8700 Min Price: 3850   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Ankola Max Price: 8011 Min Price: 7300   |   Groundnut : Big (With Shell) Max Price: 6309 Min Price: 5000   |   Groundnut : Bold Kernel Max Price: 10549 Min Price: 9250   |   Groundnut : Gungri (With Shell) Max Price: 6315 Min Price: 5625   |   Groundnut : Seed Max Price: 6125 Min Price: 5125   |   Groundnut : JL-24 Max Price: 7790 Min Price: 5750   |   Groundnut : Balli/Habbu Max Price: 6859 Min Price: 3900   |   Groundnut : Gejje Max Price: 7160 Min Price: 3070   |   Groundnut : Bold Max Price: 6950 Min Price: 4005   |   Groundnut : Groundnut seed Max Price: 9200 Min Price: 9200   |   Groundnut : Local Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 4355   |   Groundnut : G20 Max Price: 7050 Min Price: 4750   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : 95/5 Max Price: 13100 Min Price: 10125   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Red Max Price: 13861 Min Price: 12659   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : White Max Price: 15480 Min Price: 7250   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Black Max Price: 16745 Min Price: 10350   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Sesame Max Price: 12612 Min Price: 8202   |   Mustard : Lohi Black Max Price: 5550 Min Price: 4800   |   Mustard : Rai UP Max Price: 6850 Min Price: 6100   |   Mustard : Sarson(Black) Max Price: 5665 Min Price: 4800   |   Mustard : Yellow (Black) Max Price: 7850 Min Price: 4875   |   Mustard : Mustard Max Price: 6720 Min Price: 4250   |   Mustard : Big 100 Kg Max Price: 5350 Min Price: 5000   |   Mustard : Mustard-Organic Max Price: 4940 Min Price: 4940   |   Soyabean : Yellow Max Price: 4801 Min Price: 2300   |   Soyabean : Black Max Price: 4588 Min Price: 4075   |   Soyabean : Soyabeen Max Price: 6480 Min Price: 1500   |   Soyabean : Soybean-Organic Max Price: 4744 Min Price: 3000   |   Sunflower : Sunflower Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4211   |   Cotton : Shanker 6 (B) 30mm FIne Max Price: 7511 Min Price: 4440   |   Cotton : Desi Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 6500   |   Cotton : Cotton (Unginned) Max Price: 7450 Min Price: 4780   |   Cotton : H.Y.4 (Unginned) Max Price: 7505 Min Price: 6875   |   Cotton : MCU 5 Max Price: 6800 Min Price: 5300   |   Cotton : Bramha Max Price: 6920 Min Price: 6900   |   Cotton : Bunny Max Price: 7519 Min Price: 5459   |   Cotton : Local Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 5600   |   Cotton : Narma BT Cotton Max Price: 7615 Min Price: 6250   |   Jute : TD-5 Max Price: 5550 Min Price: 5100   |   Apple : American Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 8660   |   Apple : Delicious Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 2100   |   Apple : Golden Max Price: 8720 Min Price: 8470   |   Apple : Kasmir/Shimla - II Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 7000   |   Apple : Royal Delicious Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 2000   |   Apple : Simla Max Price: 14650 Min Price: 7300   |   Apple : Apple Max Price: 21700 Min Price: 4000   |   Orange : Darjeeling Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1250   |   Orange : Orange Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana : Besrai Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2860   |   Banana : Champa Max Price: 3400 Min Price: 1300   |   Banana : Medium Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 800   |   Banana : Nendra Bale Max Price: 9200 Min Price: 1500   |   Banana : Banana - Ripe Max Price: 6300 Min Price: 1300   |   Banana : Red Banana Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana : Rasakathai Max Price: 6300 Min Price: 3000   |   Banana : Poovan Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 2200   |   Banana : Robusta Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1500   |   Banana : Palayamthodan Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 800   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1500   |   Banana : Bhushavali(Pacha) Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1200   |   Banana : Desi(Bontha) Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Mango : Safeda Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 1800   |   Mango : Surkha Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2857   |   Mango : Totapuri Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 750   |   Mango : Dusheri Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 1200   |   Mango : Langra Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 3000   |   Mango : Hapus(Alphaso) Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 1200   |   Mango : Raspuri Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 1600   |   Mango : Badami Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 1000   |   Mango : Keshar Max Price: 10500 Min Price: 1200   |   Pineapple : Pine Apple Max Price: 8400 Min Price: 2000   |   Grapes : Annabesahai Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 4200   |   Grapes : Black Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 1500   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 3000   |   Grapes : White Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 7000   |   Grapes : Indian Max Price: 2710 Min Price: 2645   |   Onion : Nasik Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 800   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 3305 Min Price: 100   |   Onion : White Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 710   |   Onion : Pusa-Red Max Price: 1565 Min Price: 1350   |   Onion : Local Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 300   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 140   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2000   |   Onion : Medium Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 427   |   Onion : Small Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 1500   |   Onion : 2nd Sort Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 400   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Chandermukhi Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 1750   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 450   |   Potato : F.A.Q. Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 800   |   Potato : Haldwani Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1700   |   Potato : Red Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 1000   |   Potato : Jalander Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2400   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1800   |   Potato : Badshah Max Price: 1830 Min Price: 920   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 800   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 350   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : Kufri Megha Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 840   |   Garlic : Average Max Price: 208080 Min Price: 4500   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 10515 Min Price: 8000   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 26600 Min Price: 1300   |   Garlic : China Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2500   |   Garlic : UP Max Price: 8250 Min Price: 8150   |   Chili Red : Bold Max Price: 20250 Min Price: 3900   |   Chili Red : Red Max Price: 19000 Min Price: 17500   |   Ginger(Dry) : Dry Max Price: 36000 Min Price: 9000   |   Ginger(Dry) : Vegitable-fresh Max Price: 18000 Min Price: 10000   |   Ginger(Dry) : Big/Thick Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 12000   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 2505 Min Price: 2195   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Deshi Max Price: 2455 Min Price: 1500   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 2625 Min Price: 1255   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Local Max Price: 2425 Min Price: 1125   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Small Max Price: 2540 Min Price: 2380   |   Barley (Jau) : Dara Max Price: 2260 Min Price: 1800   |   Barley (Jau) : Deshi Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2240   |   Barley (Jau) : Local Max Price: 2174 Min Price: 2174   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Local Max Price: 4112 Min Price: 2200   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Red Max Price: 4100 Min Price: 3600   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Hybrid Max Price: 3321 Min Price: 3191   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 700   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Round Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 400   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 400   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 300   |   Cashewnuts : Local(Raw) Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 11500   |   Black pepper : Ungrabled Max Price: 57500 Min Price: 53000   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 57000 Min Price: 56000   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 18000 Min Price: 12008   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 17855 Min Price: 10245   |   Turmeric : Bulb Max Price: 16500 Min Price: 9489   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Bold Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 29095   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 31805 Min Price: 10000   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Superfine Max Price: 30880 Min Price: 26800   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Local Max Price: 600 Min Price: 400   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 600   |   Methi(Leaves) : Methi Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2500   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 3650   |   Methi Seeds : Medium Max Price: 5871 Min Price: 5496   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 12141 Min Price: 6550   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 12227 Min Price: 7600   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 11870 Min Price: 7525   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Medium Max Price: 11630 Min Price: 11030   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Desi(Whole) Max Price: 10500 Min Price: 9300   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 12818 Min Price: 8150   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 12420 Min Price: 6000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Red Max Price: 12449 Min Price: 10209   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Tur/Arhar-Organic Max Price: 12630 Min Price: 11998   |   Green Peas : Green Peas Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 3000   |   Safflower : Safflower Max Price: 4822 Min Price: 3550   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masur Dal Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2801   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 5700   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masoor Gola Max Price: 7100 Min Price: 5700   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1500   |   Linseed : Linseed Max Price: 5265 Min Price: 5140   |   Chikoos(Sapota) : Sapota Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 800   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 260   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 300   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 1500   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 920   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mosambi-Organic Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 3800   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 5400 Min Price: 400   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 500   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 550   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 385   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 800   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 500   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 12   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 78080 Min Price: 15   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 200   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 300   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1000   |   Amaranthus : Amaranth Greens-Organic Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 3000   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 500   |   Chilly Capsicum : Chilly Capsicum Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4500   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 1600   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 900   |   Cowpea (Lobia/Karamani) : Cowpea (Whole) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 7981   |   Beans : Beans (Whole) Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 5000   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2000   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 6000   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 24000 Min Price: 3000   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 8285 Min Price: 5200   |   Corriander seed : A-1, Green Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 5250   |   Corriander seed : Full Green Max Price: 7830 Min Price: 5855   |   Corriander seed : Medium Green Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 6250   |   Coconut Seed : Coconut Seed Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 1800   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Horse gram (Whole) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 4500   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Fine Max Price: 5240 Min Price: 5240   |   T.V. 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Policy + Research


Need for GM Mustard

Need for GM Mustard

India's dependence on the edible oil imports to meet its growing domestic demand has been cause of concern over the years

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NEW DELHI, 26 May 2023: India's dependence on the edible oil imports to meet its growing domestic demand has been cause of concern over the years.

Government has been encouraging farmers to take up oilseed production to bridge the gap between production and consumption. These efforts have yielded some results and oilseed production has increased in recent years, especially for soybean and mustard but we are a long way from self-reliance in oilseeds.

India is expected to import 14.37 million tonne (mt) of vegetable oil in 2022-23 compared to 14.07 mt that was imported in 2021-22. Though this is an improvement on 15.32 mt imported in 2016-17, it remains the prime guzzler of foreign currency.

Soybean and mustard are the major crops forming 35 and 32 percent respectively of the total oilseed production. Mustard has a special status in India as its part of our tradition and exclusive cooking oil for certain cuisines.

Even though multiple mustard varieties and hybrids are available, its production is much below the global averages. Mustard is also severely impacted by fungal diseases and insect infestation as well as abiotic stresses like soil salinity, high temperature and drought. Breeding for high yielding, resilient varieties is the way forward for mustard.

Development of hybrids with higher vigor and yields has been done in mustard but the process is complex in a self-pollinating plant like mustard. It requires the use of a male sterile line as female parent, but natural male sterility is difficult to come by and a rare occurrence.

University of Delhi has overcome this bottleneck in GM mustard technology, using a two gene system called barnase-barstar. The 'barnase' gene stops the development of pollen resulting in male sterility. This male sterile female is crossed with 'barstar' line that blocks the action of barnase to produce plants that are fertile and high yielding.

DMH-11 hybrid was developed using barnase-barstar system with the Indian variety 'Varuna'(barnase) and East-European variety 'Early-Heera 2 (EH-2)' (barstar). DMH-11 in its various trials has been shown to yield up to 28 percent - 37 percent more than various zonal checks.

Though the barnase-barstar technology has been used for hybrid production in other crops across the globe and the crops have been consumed for more than 25 years, the DMH-11 and its parent lines were rigorously tested and evaluated for toxicity and allergenicity due to novel gene inclusion.

Multiple year and multiple location trials as well as food safety evaluation data were analyzed and considered by experts in GEAC before approving GM mustard for commercial cultivation and consumption.

It is a fact that GM crops are safe to grow and consume. GM crops are the one of the most regulated technologies in the world. Numerous reviews and assessments by the government regulators across the world has confirmed the safety of the GM crops. 

Several international organizations such as the FAO, WHO and OECD have repeatedly confirmed the safety of the biotech crops and foods derived from them to be as safe and nutritious as foods derived from conventionally or organically grown crops.

The approval of GM mustard is a step in the right direction leading to self-sufficiency in oilseeds as well as attaining nutritional security.

The barnase-barstar technology for hybrid production offers a great opportunity for improvement in mustard production. It can be used to efficiently develop hybrids with critical disease resistance and climate resilient traits.

High yielding and high oil producing hybrids will encourage farmers to take up mustard cultivation and further help address the gap between oilseed production and consumption in the country.

By Dr Ratna Kumria, Director- Agricultural Biotechnology, Alliance for Agri Innovation, a special interest group of Federation of Seed Industry of India


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