|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
26 Oct 2021
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II Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 3200   |   Apple : Royal Delicious Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 6000   |   Apple : Simla Max Price: 6740 Min Price: 6650   |   Apple : Apple Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 1000   |   Orange : Orange Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana : Khandesh Max Price: 550 Min Price: 450   |   Banana : Medium Max Price: 2795 Min Price: 1600   |   Banana : Nendra Bale Max Price: 5100 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Banana - Ripe Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1100   |   Banana : Pachha Bale Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 600   |   Banana : Elakki Bale Max Price: 3900 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Red Banana Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 3900   |   Banana : Rasakathai Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 3600   |   Banana : Poovan Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1900   |   Banana : Robusta Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Palayamthodan Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 2780 Min Price: 2320   |   Banana : Bhushavali(Pacha) Max Price: 1250 Min Price: 1200   |   Pineapple : Pine Apple Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1500   |   Grapes : Black Max Price: 6100 Min Price: 2500   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 3500   |   Grapes : White Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4000   |   Onion : Nasik Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 2500   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 4700 Min Price: 60   |   Onion : White Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2200   |   Onion : Pusa-Red Max Price: 2750 Min Price: 2600   |   Onion : Local Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 200   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 300   |   Onion : Puna Max Price: 3300 Min Price: 1000   |   Onion : Telagi Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 300   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 2900   |   Onion : Medium Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 1050   |   Onion : Small Max Price: 5800 Min Price: 2700   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 700   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 800   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 200   |   Potato : F.A.Q. Max Price: 1245 Min Price: 1045   |   Potato : Red Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 1050   |   Potato : Jalander Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1050   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1000   |   Potato : Badshah Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 1000   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : Big Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2600   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 1200   |   Potato : Kufri Megha Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 1070   |   Garlic : Average Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 4000   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 7272 Min Price: 1500   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 400   |   Garlic : UP Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 5950   |   Chili Red : Red Max Price: 13500 Min Price: 12800   |   Ginger(Dry) : Dry Max Price: 17600 Min Price: 1250   |   Ginger(Dry) : Vegitable-fresh Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2000   |   Ginger(Dry) : Big/Thick Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2500   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 1670 Min Price: 1570   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Deshi Max Price: 2125 Min Price: 1225   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 2310 Min Price: 1285   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Local Max Price: 2190 Min Price: 1460   |   Barley (Jau) : Dara Max Price: 2065 Min Price: 1665   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Fine Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2800   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Red Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2100   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Hybrid Max Price: 1923 Min Price: 1915   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 8200 Min Price: 620   |   Brinjal : Round Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 900   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 1000   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 600   |   Cashewnuts : Local(Raw) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 9000   |   Black pepper : Malabar Max Price: 48196 Min Price: 28000   |   Black pepper : Ungrabled Max Price: 42000 Min Price: 38000   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 41700 Min Price: 38000   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 8300 Min Price: 4970   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 4800   |   Turmeric : Bulb Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5930   |   Turmeric : Dry Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 7100   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 13940 Min Price: 8075   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Medium Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 10500   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Local Max Price: 7450 Min Price: 4650   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 1800   |   Methi(Leaves) : Methi Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 3500   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 3500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2712   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 10000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 6375 Min Price: 4750   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Desi(Whole) Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 5940   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Small (Whole) Max Price: 6550 Min Price: 6150   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 6075 Min Price: 3500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Red Max Price: 5789 Min Price: 5426   |   Green Peas : Green Peas Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 4000   |   Green Peas : White Fozi Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 8000   |   Safflower : Safflower Max Price: 6429 Min Price: 4719   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masur Dal Max Price: 7860 Min Price: 6500   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 5500   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masoor Gola Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4250   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2000   |   Linseed : Linseed Max Price: 8350 Min Price: 8100   |   Chikoos(Sapota) : Sapota Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 1600   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 800   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 800   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 3000   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 6750 Min Price: 2000   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 400   |   Tomato : Sankar Max Price: 3230 Min Price: 3100   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 800   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 950   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 200   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 1000   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 770   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 400   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 800   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 300   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 800   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1300   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 600   |   Chilly Capsicum : Chilly Capsicum Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 1000   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 700   |   Cowpea (Lobia/Karamani) : Cowpea (Whole) Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 4015   |   Beans : Beans (Whole) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1600   |   Lak(Teora) : Lak (Whole) Max Price: 3205 Min Price: 3205   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 700   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1100   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 8400 Min Price: 1000   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 3900   |   Corriander seed : Badami Steam Max Price: 8450 Min Price: 8350   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Horse gram (Whole) Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 2611   |   Foxtail Millet(Navane) : Navane Hybrid Max Price: 2668 Min Price: 1950   |   Castor Seed : Castor seed Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 3750   |   Castor Seed : Caster Max Price: 6405 Min Price: 5900   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 17300 Min Price: 6610   |   Dry Chillies : Byadgi Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 27000   |   Dry Chillies : Mankattu Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 12000   |   Dry Chillies : Local Max Price: 10111 Min Price: 689   |   Dry Chillies : Guntur Max Price: 16500 Min Price: 15500   |   Soanf : Soanf Max Price: 6605 Min Price: 6605   |   Coconut : Coconut Max Price: 3900 Min Price: 1950   |   Coconut : Big Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1800   |   Coconut : Medium Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2300   |   Coconut : Grade-I Max Price: 25000 Min Price: 10000   |   Coconut : Grade- II Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 1900   |   Sweet Potato : Hosur Green Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 600   |   Sweet Potato : Sweet Potato Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 800   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 400   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 300   |   Snake gourd : Snakeguard Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 1000   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 600   |   White Pumpkin : White Pumpkin Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 400   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 400   |   Ridge gourd(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 670   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 200   |   Thondekai : Thondekai Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 1800   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 1200   |   Green Avare (W) : Green Avare (W) Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 2000   |   Alsandikai : Alsandikai Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1600   |   Chow Chow : Chow Chow Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 600   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 2000   |   Chapparad Avare : Chapparada Avarekai Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Thogrikai : Thogarikai Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 2800   |   Leafy Vegetable : Leafy Vegetables Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 900   |   Mango (Raw-Ripe) : Mango - Raw-Ripe Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5200   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 400   |   Peas Wet : Peas Wet Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2000   |   Seemebadnekai : Seemebadanekai Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 800   |   Knool Khol : Knool Khol Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Suvarna Gadde : Suvarnagadde Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1000   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1900   |   Guava : Guava Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 1000   |   Karbuja(Musk Melon) : Karbhuja Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1500   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 2500   |   Tender Coconut : Tender Coconut Max Price: 24000 Min Price: 2000   |   Seetafal : Seethaphal Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2000   |   Suva (Dill Seed) : Suva (Dill Seed) Max Price: 5055 Min Price: 4850   |   Masur Dal : Masur Dal Max Price: 9800 Min Price: 7750   |   Masur Dal : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 8700 Min Price: 6020   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 10800 Min Price: 5780   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram Dal Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 5900   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 6300   |   Black Gram Dal (Urd Dal) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 13300 Min Price: 3000   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Green Gram Dal Max Price: 9800 Min Price: 7800   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Small (Split) Max Price: 8140 Min Price: 7930   |   Ground Nut Seed : Ground Nut Seed Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 5000   |   Avare Dal : Avare (Whole) Max Price: 5600 Min Price: 5000   |   Dry Grapes : Dry Grapes Max Price: 22000 Min Price: 1000   |   Alasande Gram : Alasande Gram Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 2269   |   Chennangi Dal : Chennangi Dal Max Price: 9200 Min Price: 9000   |   Elephant Yam (Suran) : Elephant Yam (Suran) Max Price: 3591 Min Price: 2800   |   French Beans (Frasbean) : French Beans (Frasbean) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2000   |   Indian Beans (Seam) : Indian Beans (Seam) Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 4000   |   Little gourd (Kundru) : Little gourd (Kundru) Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 1000   |   Pointed gourd (Parval) : Pointed gourd (Parval) Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 1350   |   Round gourd : Round gourd Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 900   |   Peas cod : Peas cod Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 6000   |   Lemon : Lemon Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 800   |   Sponge gourd : Sponge gourd Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 790   |   Groundnut pods (raw) : Groundnut pods (raw) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2000   |   Papaya (Raw) : Papaya (Raw) Max Price: 2350 Min Price: 1000   |   Colacasia : Colacasia Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 600   |   Persimon(Japani Fal) : Persimon(Japani Fal) Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 3000   |   Squash(Chappal Kadoo) : Squash(Chappal Kadoo) Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 1200   |   Kinnow : Kinnow Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 1200   |   Mashrooms : Mashrooms Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 5800   |   Turnip : Turnip Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3000   |   Spinach : Spinach Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 700   |   Peas(Dry) : Peas(Dry) Max Price: 7285 Min Price: 5150   |   Tinda : Tinda Max Price: 2250 Min Price: 2000   |   Amla(Nelli Kai) : Amla Max Price: 4100 Min Price: 800   |   Onion Green : Onion Green Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1200   |   Mint(Pudina) : Mint(Pudina) Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4000   |   Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-White) : Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-white) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 4025   |   White Peas : White Peas Max Price: 7250 Min Price: 5400   |   Guar Seed(Cluster Beans Seed) : Split Max Price: 6055 Min Price: 5250   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basumathi Max Price: 2420 Min Price: 2420   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : 1121 Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2325   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : SuperFine(Basmati) Max Price: 2101 Min Price: 2001   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Sugandha Max Price: 2651 Min Price: 2000   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basmati 1509 Max Price: 3001 Min Price: 1685   |  

Policy + Research


Enabling policy environment can realize the full benefits of gene editing for Indian agriculture

Enabling policy environment can realize the full benefits of gene editing for Indian agriculture

Gene editing mediated by CRISPR-Cas system has emerged as a powerful technology with a capability of precisely modifying the genome of a wide range of organisms.

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NEW DELHI, 4 October 2021: Gene editing mediated by CRISPR-Cas system has emerged as a powerful technology with a capability of precisely modifying the genome of a wide range of organisms. 

The technology is based on an existing bacterial immune system, and is adopted world-wide as a simple, precise and efficient method to genetically improve living organisms including animal and plant species for agriculture, food and nutrition.

Genome editing technology allows modification of plants’ own genes and is not dependent on foreign gene insertion, unlike genetic engineering, for modifying a particular trait. It has already been used to create crops with improved traits.

For instance, generation of genome-edited rice with broad-spectrum resistance to bacterial blight disease by modulating the sucrose transporter gene function; high yielding rice by multiplex editing of three yield-related genes; and genome edited rice with high tolerance to drought in combination with high yielding ability by mutating the Abscisic acid receptors. Similarly, tomato has been made resistant to the powdery mildew disease through changes leading to loss-of-function in the Mlo gene.

The recent approvals of genome-edited mushroom, soybean, and petunia by the United States Department of Agriculture, and the CRISPR-edited nutritionally enhanced tomato by Japanese Government are significant examples of translational progress in this area that would encourage other countries including India to use CRISPR for various plant breeding innovations.   

The availability and adoption of these efficient genome engineering tools for precise editing would greatly help Indian agriculture in developing crop varieties for climate resilience and nutritional security. 

While the Green Revolution resulted in self-sufficiency with regard to food production that enabled the Government of India in enacting the Right to Food Act-2013 to feed many millions of people but now it is time to address greater concerns like climate adaptation of crops, shrinking natural resources, increasing input use-efficiency and nutritional security of our nation.

With regard to crop adaptation, major emphasis is needed for combining field stress tolerance with yield enhancement related traits such as improved photosynthesis, enhanced nutrient acquisition and use efficiency of natural resources so as to have more produce with lesser inputs. 

Some such examples of crop traits that need to be introduced in elite genotypes in India for climate adaptation using genome editing technology include editing cereals, oilseeds and millets to sustain extreme weather conditions, utilise water and nutrients more efficiently; non-leguminous crops to fix atmospheric nitrogen to reduce the dependence on chemical nitrogen application; editing rice to grow with minimal water inputs and therefore, lowering emission of methane, and simultaneously developing crops with enhanced solar radiation utilization or photosynthetic efficiency.

Importantly, deregulation and global harmonisation of the regulatory framework are essential for timely commercialization of the genome-edited crops for the benefit of smallholder farmers and consumers. 

Notably, the genome-edited crops remain indistinguishable from conventionally bred variants and have been treated as non-GMOs by the USA, Canada, Australia, Japan and other countries. Once the CRISPR genes are segregated out of the edited plants by back crossing, they are identical with the naturally occurring crop genotypes.

A regulatory impunity of such edited crop plants is an absolute necessity to realize this technology's full potential. If the plants derived through gene editing are similar to non-edited counterparts, it is logical that they are not regulated heavily and are treated as plants derived through conventional breeding, as has been done by several countries around the world, notably the US, Canada, Australia, Japan and Argentina.

From the perspective of seed industry, if the Indian government also takes similar decision, it will open up path for many smaller companies to improve crops through gene editing. These companies will be willing to invest in the research and development, even though they cannot afford to invest in regulatory studies for GM events or the uncertainty of the approval process. It is very important that India also make its decisions aligned with major agricultural producing countries.

It will have a significant impact on seed trade. Indian government, on several occasions has desired that India should have at least 10 percent share of global seed production business.

If we are aligned with the global opinion on gene editing, it will open up more opportunities for India to be part of global seed production centres and create significant employment opportunities.

On the other hand, if gene edited crops are heavily regulated in India, smaller companies will miss out on this significant scientific breakthrough and only bigger companies, which can afford the cost of the complex regulations and can bear the regulatory uncertainty may be able to utilize this novel technology in their breeding program.

India may also miss out on the seed production opportunities as the seed companies will choose only those countries, which do not regulate gene editing for their seed production.

Therefore, the fate of improvement of crops through gene editing in India is heavily dependent on the decision from our regulatory agencies.

By Professor K C Bansal, Former Director, ICAR- National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi and Dr Shivendra Bajaj, Executive Director, Federation of Seed Industry of India, New Delhi 


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