|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
13 Aug 2022
Wheat : Dara Max Price: 2370 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Lok-1 Max Price: 2450 Min Price: 2400   |   Wheat : Lokwan Max Price: 2260 Min Price: 2075   |   Wheat : Lokwan Gujrat Max Price: 2265 Min Price: 2080   |   Wheat : Rajasthan Tukdi Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2450   |   Wheat : 1482 Max Price: 2147 Min Price: 2133   |   Wheat : Local Max Price: 2070 Min Price: 2040   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1870   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 64 Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1061   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : 1001 Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 1940   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R.-64 Max Price: 1960 Min Price: 1960   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1010 Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 1930   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Common Max Price: 2150 Min Price: 1260   |   Rice : 1009 Kar Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 2400   |   Rice : Fine Max Price: 4900 Min Price: 4700   |   Rice : III Max Price: 2550 Min Price: 1400   |   Rice : Common Max Price: 2635 Min Price: 2440   |   Maize : Deshi Red Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1700   |   Maize : Deshi White Max Price: 1980 Min Price: 1960   |   Maize : Hybrid Yellow (Cattle Feed) Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 2100   |   Maize : Yellow Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 2000   |   Maize : Hybrid Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1800   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (F.A.Q. Split) Max Price: 4575 Min Price: 4500   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (Whole) Max Price: 5320 Min Price: 4255   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : 999 Max Price: 4475 Min Price: 4296   |   Groundnut : Local Max Price: 6450 Min Price: 4250   |   Groundnut : G20 Max Price: 7625 Min Price: 7600   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : White Max Price: 11680 Min Price: 11330   |   Mustard : Laha(Sarsib) Max Price: 5900 Min Price: 5700   |   Mustard : Lohi Black Max Price: 6520 Min Price: 6360   |   Mustard : Sarson(Black) Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 5300   |   Mustard : Mustard Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 6800   |   Soyabean : Yellow Max Price: 6085 Min Price: 5505   |   Cotton : Cotton (Unginned) Max Price: 9900 Min Price: 6025   |   Apple : Delicious Max Price: 7275 Min Price: 5510   |   Apple : Kasmir/Shimla - II Max Price: 7900 Min Price: 4500   |   Apple : Apple Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 3500   |   Banana : Nendra Bale Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4500   |   Banana : Banana - Ripe Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 1200   |   Banana : Red Banana Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 6300   |   Banana : Poovan Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 3000   |   Banana : Robusta Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1800   |   Banana : Palayamthodan Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 1600   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2950   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 5000   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1000   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 1100   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2000   |   Onion : Medium Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 1000   |   Onion : 2nd Sort Max Price: 800 Min Price: 400   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1400   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 700   |   Potato : F.A.Q. Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 700   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 1980 Min Price: 1940   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 2000   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1200   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 1200   |   Potato : Kufri Megha Max Price: 1095 Min Price: 1055   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 3160 Min Price: 3070   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 3630 Min Price: 1200   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 1971 Min Price: 1971   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1700   |   Barley (Jau) : Deshi Max Price: 2790 Min Price: 2790   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 2300   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 1000   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1100   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 700   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 800   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 800   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 22805 Min Price: 19450   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 5550 Min Price: 5250   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 6575 Min Price: 6400   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 5500   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 7000   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 3180 Min Price: 3110   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1850   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 2600 Min Price: 2000   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 1100   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 3050 Min Price: 2250   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1200   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1400   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4000   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 1000   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 500   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 700   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 500   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 700   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 1200   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4900   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 1020   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4500   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1800   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 11250 Min Price: 11200   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Fine Max Price: 4450 Min Price: 3705   |   Castor Seed : Castor seed Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 6800   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 8000   |   Dry Chillies : 1st Sort Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 10000   |   Dry Chillies : 2nd Sort Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 3000   |   Coconut : Medium Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 3000   |   Sweet Potato : Hosur Green Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4500   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 7600 Min Price: 5400   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 1900   |   Snakeguard : Snakeguard Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 3500   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1700   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 600   |   Ridgeguard(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 4050 Min Price: 1400   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 2010 Min Price: 300   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 4500   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 3300   |   Leafy Vegetable : Leafy Vegetables Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 2000   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 1100   |   Peas Wet : Peas Wet Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 5500   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Guava : Guava Max Price: 3400 Min Price: 1200   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 2400   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 10200 Min Price: 9940   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 6260 Min Price: 6180   |   French Beans (Frasbean) : French Beans (Frasbean) Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 8000   |   Little gourd (Kundru) : Little gourd (Kundru) Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 1400   |   Pointed gourd (Parval) : Pointed gourd (Parval) Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 3100   |   Round gourd : Round gourd Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 900   |   Lemon : Lemon Max Price: 4010 Min Price: 800   |   Sponge gourd : Sponge gourd Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 700   |   Papaya (Raw) : Papaya (Raw) Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 900   |   Colacasia : Colacasia Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Spinach : Spinach Max Price: 1520 Min Price: 1000   |   Peas(Dry) : Peas(Dry) Max Price: 3400 Min Price: 3200   |   Tinda : Tinda Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 1300   |   Onion Green : Onion Green Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 5500   |   White Peas : White Peas Max Price: 5560 Min Price: 4300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basmati 1509 Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 3300   |  

Farmers


Negligence in Pesticide management increasing farmers deaths in Maharashtra, says CSE

Negligence in Pesticide management increasing farmers deaths in Maharashtra, says CSE

India’s abysmal management of pesticides has started taking a deadly toll – says Centre for Science and Environment

Share with : Facebook Whatsapp Twitter Linkedin

Call for a ban on toxic class I pesticides

NEW DELHI: India’s abysmal management of pesticides has started taking a deadly toll, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said ina statement.

Over 35 farmers have reportedly died and hundreds have become ill due to pesticide poisoning in several districts of Vidharba region in Maharashtra, since July this year.

These incidents have been reported from the districts of Yavatmal, Nagpur, Akola and Amravati where farm workers died due to inhalation of toxic pesticides while spraying it on the fields.

“The death of farmers in Maharashtra due to pesticide poisoning is because of the gross negligence in pesticide management in the country. This negligence has led to pesticide poisoning becoming a chronic problem in the country. Every year, there are about 10,000 reported cases of pesticide poisoning in India. In 2015, about 7,000 people died because of accidental intake of insecticides/pesticides. The Ministry of Agriculture at the Centre and agricultural departments of the states are solely responsible for the unsafe use of pesticides in the country. Deaths and illnesses due to pesticides can be avoided if we can urgently fix some of the crucial gaps in our regulations and improve its enforcement,” Chandra Bhushan, deputy director general, CSE said in a statement.

In Maharashtra, pesticides such as Monocrotophos, Oxydemeton-methyl, Acephate and Profenophos are believed to be responsible for the deaths and illness.

Pesticides like Monocrotophos and Oxydemeton-methyl are considered class I pesticides by the World Health Organization (WHO), which are further categorised into extremely hazardous (class Ia) and highly hazardous (class Ib). The classification is based on acute toxicity of pesticide active ingredient and since class I pesticides can be fatal at a very low dose, many of these are banned in several countries. Monocrotophos is banned in 60 countries, Phorate in 37, Triazophos in 40 and Phosphamidon is banned in 49 countries. But India still allows the use of these pesticides.

In fact, there are 18 class I pesticides allowed to be used in the country. In 2015-16, of the 7,717 tonnes of pesticides (technical grade) used in the country, 2,254 tonnes were class I pesticides (about 30 per cent of total pesticides).

As per the International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, jointly released by FAO and WHO, “pesticides whose handling and application require the use of personal protective equipment that is uncomfortable, expensive or not readily available should be avoided, especially in the case of small-scale users and farm workers in hot climates”, CSE said in a statement.

All class I pesticides require the use of personal protective equipment that is impossible to use by small-scale farmers and farm workers in India. On this basis itself, class I pesticides should have been banned in India long ago, say CSE researchers.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, based on a 2015 review by the Anupam Verma Committee, plans to ban only three out of these 18 pesticides starting 2018. The committee had reviewed only 11 out of the 18 pesticides and had proposed to prohibit use of another four, but only after several years -- starting 2021.

“While India urgently needs to address pesticide mismanagement from several aspects, the most urgent step needed is to ban use of class I pesticides. The recommendations of the Verma committee is inadequate and the government actions so far is not in line with the urgency and scale of the problem,” Amit Khurana, senior programme manager for food safety and toxins, CSE stressed.

Approval and enforcement issues

CSE, over the last several years, has highlighted gaps in pesticide management in the country. There is a major problem with the way pesticides are approved for use in the country. There is even a bigger problem of enforcement. Unapproved off-label use of pesticides continues to be a big problem in India along with unsafe application of pesticide by farmers.

A 2013 CSE review of 11 important crops in India — wheat, paddy, apple, mango, potato, cauliflower, black pepper, cardamom, tea, sugarcane and cotton — showed that the pesticide recommendations made by state agriculture universities, agriculture departments and other boards for a crop do not adhere to the pesticides that the Central Insecticides Board and Registered Committee (CIBRC) has registered for those crops. The agriculture universities, departments and boards have recommended many pesticides that have not been registered for some crops. For example, in case of wheat the states of Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh recommended 11, 5 and 9 pesticides which were not registered by the CIBRC.

“Till we reform our pesticides regulations and regulatory institutions, pesticide poisoning and accidental deaths would continue. A Pesticide Management Bill was introduced in the Parliament in 2008 but it was allowed to be lapsed. We need a new Pesticide Management Bill to address the issues related to unsafe use of pesticides,” Chandra Bhushan alarmed.

Factfile

  • Based on acute toxicity, pesticide active ingredients are categorized as extremely hazardous (class Ia), highly hazardous (class Ib), moderately hazardous (class II), slightly hazardous (class III),  unlikely to present acute hazard in normal use (class U)
  • As on date, there are 18 class I pesticides registered for use in India. These include:
  • Class Ia: Bromadiolone (rodenticide), Methyl Parathion, Phorate, Phosphamidon
  • Class Ib: Beta Cyfluthrin, Carbofuran, Coumatetralyl (rodenticide), Cyfluthrin, Dichlorvos (DDVP), Edifenphos, Methomyl, Monocrotophos, Oxydemeton-Methyl, Propetamphos, Sodium Cyanide, Thiometon, Triazophos and Zinc Phosphide (rodenticide)
  • Only 11 out of 18 Class I pesticides were reviewed in 2015 by the committee chaired by Dr Anupam Verma, former professor at Indian Agricultural Research Institute  
  • Based on its recommendations, the ministry of agricultural and farmer’s welfare in Dec 2016 issued a draft notification to ban three pesticides from 2018: Methyl Parathion, Sodium cyanide and Thiometon
  • The committee had also recommended banning four of these 11 pesticides from 2021: Dichlorvos (DDVP), Phorate, Phosphamidon, Triazophos. This is despite recognising that these are already banned, restricted or withdrawn in several countries
  • Citing unavailability of data, the committee decided to review three pesticides in 2018: Carbofuran, Methomyl, Monocrotophos
  • Allowed one to be used under supervision:  Zinc phosphide
  • Few examples of class I pesticides allowed for use in India but banned in other countries: 
  • Monocrotophos: Banned in 60 countries including the European Union
  • Dichlorvos: Banned in 32 countries including the European Union
  • Triazophos: Banned in 40 countries including the European Union
  • Phosphamidon: Banned in 49 countries including the European Union
  • Carbofuran: Banned in 49 countries including the European Union
  • Phorate: Banned in 37 countries including the European Union
  • Methomyl: Banned in 13 countries
  • Several class I pesticides have been heavily used in India over the last many years. In 2015-16, their consumption as per the data of ministry of agriculture and farmer’s welfare was:
  • Monocrotophos -371 MT (Metric Tonne), Triazophos – 315 MT,  Phosphamidon - 90 MT,  Carbofuran -337 MT; Phorate -455 MT; Methyl Parathion - 674 MT 
  • As per the National Crimes Records Bureau, in 2014 there were 7,365 cases of poisoning due to accidental intake of insecticides/pesticides, out of which 5,915 died. In 2015, 7,060 deaths were reported out of 7,672 cases.

(Press Release)

Image Credit: Wisegeek.com

 


© Copyright 2022 Agriculture Times. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of Agriculture Times content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent.

Support our venture and help farming commmunity in India. If you want us the work better FUND US. For as little as INR 10, you can support2.jpg the AgriTimes™ and it only takes a minute. Thank you.

Partners