NEW DELHI, 15 May 2020: Indian agriculture sector is looking for a good year with a record foodgrains, oilseeds and other commecricial crops production according to figures released in the 3rd Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2019-20.
The figures released by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare under the agriculture ministry has predicted 295.67 million tonnes of foodgrains productions that includes rice, wheat, pulses, maize, tur, gram, others.
Oilseeds and other commercial crops is also estimated a record growth of 33.50 million tones and 36.05 million bales of cotton respectively.
Attributing this growth, the department said, “The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season (June to September, 2019) has been 10% higher than Long Period Average (LPA).”
Record production of foodgrains during 2019-20
As per third advance estimates for 2019-20, total foodgrain production in the country is estimated at record 295.67 million tonnes which is higher by 10.46 million tonnes than the production of foodgrain of 285.21 million tonnes achieved during 2018-19.
However, the production during 2019-20 is higher by 25.89 million tonnes than the previous five years’ (2014-15 to 2018-19) average production of foodgrain.
Increase in rice production to 117.94 million tonnes
Total production of rice during 2019-20 is estimated at record 117.94 million tonnes. It is higher by 8.17 million tonnes than the five years’ average production of 109.77 million tonnes.
Wheat production during 2019-20 is estimated at record 107.18 million tonnes. It is higher by 3.58 million tonnes as compared to wheat production during 2018-19 and is higher by 11.02 million tonnes than the average wheat production of 96.16 million tonnes.
Nutri and coarse cereals estimated to be 47.54 million tonnes
Production of nutri / coarse cereals estimated at record 47.54 million tonnes, is higher by 4.48 million tonnes than the production of 43.06 million tonnes achieved during 2018-19. Further, it is also higher by 4.50 million tonnes than the average production.
Pulses production will up by 2.19 million tonnes
Total pulses production during 2019-20 is estimated at 23.01 million tonnes which is higher by 2.19 million tonnes than the Five years’ average production of 20.82 million tonnes.
Oilseeds production estimated an increase of 1.98 million tonnes
Oilseeds production in the country during 2019-20 is estimated at record 33.50 million tonnes which is higher by 1.98 million tonnes than the production of 31.52 million tonnes during 2018-19.
Further, the production of oilseeds during 2019-20 is higher by 4.10 million tonnes than the average oilseeds production.
Total production of sugarcane in the country during 2019-20 is estimated at 358.14 million tonnes.
Cotton production estimated a growth of 8.01 million bales
Production of cotton is estimated at record 36.05 million bales (of 170 kg each) is higher by 8.01 million bales than the production of 28.04 million bales during 2018-19. While production of jute & mesta is estimated at 9.92 million bales (of 180 kg each).
As per 3rd Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during 2019-20 is as under:
- Foodgrains – 295.67 million tonnes. (record)
- Rice – 117.94 million tonnes. (record)
- Wheat – 107.18 million tonnes. (record)
- Nutri / Coarse Cereals – 47.54 million tonnes. (record)
- Maize – 28.98 million tonnes. (record)
- Pulses – 23.01 million tonnes.
- Tur – 3.75 million tonnes.
- Gram – 10.90 million tonnes.
- Oilseeds – 33.50 million tonnes. (record)
- Soyabean – 12.24 million tonnes
- Rapeseed and Mustard – 8.70 million tonnes
- Groundnut – 9.35 million tonnes
Cotton – 36.05 million bales (170 kg per bale) (record)
Jute & Mesta - 9.92 million bales (180 kg per bale)
Sugarcane – 358.14 million tones
Image credit: Excel Crop Care