|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
26 Oct 2021
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Price: 9000   |   Black pepper : Malabar Max Price: 48196 Min Price: 28000   |   Black pepper : Ungrabled Max Price: 42000 Min Price: 38000   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 41700 Min Price: 38000   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 8300 Min Price: 4970   |   Turmeric : Finger Max Price: 6700 Min Price: 4800   |   Turmeric : Bulb Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5930   |   Turmeric : Dry Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 7100   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 13940 Min Price: 8075   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Medium Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 10500   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Local Max Price: 7450 Min Price: 4650   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 1800   |   Methi(Leaves) : Methi Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 3500   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 3500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2712   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 10000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 6375 Min Price: 4750   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Desi(Whole) Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 5940   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Small (Whole) Max Price: 6550 Min Price: 6150   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 6075 Min Price: 3500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Red Max Price: 5789 Min Price: 5426   |   Green Peas : Green Peas Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 4000   |   Green Peas : White Fozi Max Price: 8500 Min Price: 8000   |   Safflower : Safflower Max Price: 6429 Min Price: 4719   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masur Dal Max Price: 7860 Min Price: 6500   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 5500   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masoor Gola Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4250   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2000   |   Linseed : Linseed Max Price: 8350 Min Price: 8100   |   Chikoos(Sapota) : Sapota Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 1600   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 800   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 800   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 3000   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 6750 Min Price: 2000   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 400   |   Tomato : Sankar Max Price: 3230 Min Price: 3100   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 800   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 950   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 200   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 1000   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 770   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 400   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 800   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 300   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 800   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1300   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 20000 Min Price: 600   |   Chilly Capsicum : Chilly Capsicum Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 1000   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 700   |   Cowpea (Lobia/Karamani) : Cowpea (Whole) Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 4015   |   Beans : Beans (Whole) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1600   |   Lak(Teora) : Lak (Whole) Max Price: 3205 Min Price: 3205   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 700   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1100   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 8400 Min Price: 1000   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 3900   |   Corriander seed : Badami Steam Max Price: 8450 Min Price: 8350   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Horse gram (Whole) Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 2611   |   Foxtail Millet(Navane) : Navane Hybrid Max Price: 2668 Min Price: 1950   |   Castor Seed : Castor seed Max Price: 6400 Min Price: 3750   |   Castor Seed : Caster Max Price: 6405 Min Price: 5900   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 17300 Min Price: 6610   |   Dry Chillies : Byadgi Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 27000   |   Dry Chillies : Mankattu Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 12000   |   Dry Chillies : Local Max Price: 10111 Min Price: 689   |   Dry Chillies : Guntur Max Price: 16500 Min Price: 15500   |   Soanf : Soanf Max Price: 6605 Min Price: 6605   |   Coconut : Coconut Max Price: 3900 Min Price: 1950   |   Coconut : Big Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1800   |   Coconut : Medium Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2300   |   Coconut : Grade-I Max Price: 25000 Min Price: 10000   |   Coconut : Grade- II Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 1900   |   Sweet Potato : Hosur Green Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 600   |   Sweet Potato : Sweet Potato Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 800   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 400   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 300   |   Snake gourd : Snakeguard Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 1000   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 600   |   White Pumpkin : White Pumpkin Max Price: 1300 Min Price: 400   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 400   |   Ridge gourd(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 670   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 200   |   Thondekai : Thondekai Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 1800   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 1200   |   Green Avare (W) : Green Avare (W) Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 2000   |   Alsandikai : Alsandikai Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 1600   |   Chow Chow : Chow Chow Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 600   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 2000   |   Chapparad Avare : Chapparada Avarekai Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Thogrikai : Thogarikai Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 2800   |   Leafy Vegetable : Leafy Vegetables Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 900   |   Mango (Raw-Ripe) : Mango - Raw-Ripe Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5200   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 400   |   Peas Wet : Peas Wet Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 2000   |   Seemebadnekai : Seemebadanekai Max Price: 1700 Min Price: 800   |   Knool Khol : Knool Khol Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Suvarna Gadde : Suvarnagadde Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1000   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1900   |   Guava : Guava Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 1000   |   Karbuja(Musk Melon) : Karbhuja Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1500   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 2500   |   Tender Coconut : Tender Coconut Max Price: 24000 Min Price: 2000   |   Seetafal : Seethaphal Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 2000   |   Suva (Dill Seed) : Suva (Dill Seed) Max Price: 5055 Min Price: 4850   |   Masur Dal : Masur Dal Max Price: 9800 Min Price: 7750   |   Masur Dal : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 8700 Min Price: 6020   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 10800 Min Price: 5780   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram Dal Max Price: 7200 Min Price: 5900   |   Bengal Gram Dal (Chana Dal) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 6300   |   Black Gram Dal (Urd Dal) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 13300 Min Price: 3000   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Green Gram Dal Max Price: 9800 Min Price: 7800   |   Green Gram Dal (Moong Dal) : Small (Split) Max Price: 8140 Min Price: 7930   |   Ground Nut Seed : Ground Nut Seed Max Price: 9500 Min Price: 5000   |   Avare Dal : Avare (Whole) Max Price: 5600 Min Price: 5000   |   Dry Grapes : Dry Grapes Max Price: 22000 Min Price: 1000   |   Alasande Gram : Alasande Gram Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 2269   |   Chennangi Dal : Chennangi Dal Max Price: 9200 Min Price: 9000   |   Elephant Yam (Suran) : Elephant Yam (Suran) Max Price: 3591 Min Price: 2800   |   French Beans (Frasbean) : French Beans (Frasbean) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2000   |   Indian Beans (Seam) : Indian Beans (Seam) Max Price: 4800 Min Price: 4000   |   Little gourd (Kundru) : Little gourd (Kundru) Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 1000   |   Pointed gourd (Parval) : Pointed gourd (Parval) Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 1350   |   Round gourd : Round gourd Max Price: 1000 Min Price: 900   |   Peas cod : Peas cod Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 6000   |   Lemon : Lemon Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 800   |   Sponge gourd : Sponge gourd Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 790   |   Groundnut pods (raw) : Groundnut pods (raw) Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 2000   |   Papaya (Raw) : Papaya (Raw) Max Price: 2350 Min Price: 1000   |   Colacasia : Colacasia Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 600   |   Persimon(Japani Fal) : Persimon(Japani Fal) Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 3000   |   Squash(Chappal Kadoo) : Squash(Chappal Kadoo) Max Price: 3800 Min Price: 1200   |   Kinnow : Kinnow Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 1200   |   Mashrooms : Mashrooms Max Price: 13000 Min Price: 5800   |   Turnip : Turnip Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3000   |   Spinach : Spinach Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 700   |   Peas(Dry) : Peas(Dry) Max Price: 7285 Min Price: 5150   |   Tinda : Tinda Max Price: 2250 Min Price: 2000   |   Amla(Nelli Kai) : Amla Max Price: 4100 Min Price: 800   |   Onion Green : Onion Green Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1200   |   Mint(Pudina) : Mint(Pudina) Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 4000   |   Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-White) : Kabuli Chana(Chickpeas-white) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 4025   |   White Peas : White Peas Max Price: 7250 Min Price: 5400   |   Guar Seed(Cluster Beans Seed) : Split Max Price: 6055 Min Price: 5250   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basumathi Max Price: 2420 Min Price: 2420   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : 1121 Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2325   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : SuperFine(Basmati) Max Price: 2101 Min Price: 2001   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Sugandha Max Price: 2651 Min Price: 2000   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Basmati) : Basmati 1509 Max Price: 3001 Min Price: 1685   |  

Knowledge


Federation of Seed Industry, Alliance for Agri Innovation celebrates World Cotton Day

Federation of Seed Industry, Alliance for Agri Innovation celebrates World Cotton Day

On World Cotton Day on 7 October, Federation of Seed Industry of India (FSII) and Alliance for Agri Innovation (AAI) celebrates the power of technology like Bt Cotton in making India the world’s leading producer.

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GM technology goes beyond Bt Cotton, have larger application in sustainable agriculture

NEW DELHI, 6 October 2021: On World Cotton Day on 7 October, Federation of Seed Industry of India (FSII) and Alliance for Agri Innovation (AAI) celebrates the power of technology like Bt Cotton in making India the world’s leading producer.

Pests keep on evolving to survive and try to attack the plants and especially crops. Plants on the other hand, develop their own defence mechanisms to keep these pests at bay. The genes responsible for these defence mechanisms either can be present in the crop plants itself, their wild relatives or in other organisms which are sexually non-compatible.

Scientists try to find the genes that can help plants to supplement their defence against these pests. In most crops, the host defence genes are reassembled and added to the crops so that the development of resistance by the pests can be prevented. In some crops, there are no or very limited genes which can provide resistance.

Bt cotton resistance against bollworm pests

Cotton is a major example, in which host genes for resistance against cotton pests are not there. Therefore, development of transgenic Bt cotton which provide resistance against major bollworms has provided a major relief to farmers for more than two decades. Bollworm pests on the other hand, have evolved and tried to develop resistance against Bt cotton.

Therefore, the argument that Bt Cotton has led to resistance development in insects is simply not true. Resistance development in insects is an age-old phenomenon which was observed with many pesticides used before the advent of Bt Cotton in the country.

Those who read about the history of cotton in India would know about the evolution of insecticide technology which was essentially targeted at the dreaded bollworm. There are three types of bollworms – the most dangerous American bollworm, the Pink Bollworm (PBW) and Early shoot borer. Army worm was also not uncommon. The farmer is always in search of ammunition with which he can fight the bollworm in cotton.

Hybrid cotton

FSII director general Ram Kaundinya said, “Hybrid cotton came in early 70s and the first ten years we fought against bollworms using organophosphates. In early 80s synthetic pyrethroids were introduced, which were more effective and much safer to human beings compared to organophosphates.  It was PBW which was the major pest then in Punjab and Haryana while it was the American bollworm in West and South. So, PBW is not something which has come after Bt Cotton introduction. Extensive and intensive use of synthetic pyrethroids led to outbreaks of white fly and other sucking pests in late 80s.”

“There was a crisis in then Andhra Pradesh and Punjab with white fly in 1986 and 1987 which resulted in farmer suicides and with the insistence of the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh NT Ramarao the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi ordered some emergency measures including a rapid approval of four new insecticides to fight the menace of white fly. Situation came under control in a couple of year with proper education of farmers and adoption of some agronomic practices in fields,” Kaundinya added.

Secondary pest flare up happens when the main target is controlled very effectively. Lack of competition gives rise to proliferation of secondary pests which become main pests under such situations. This is natural dynamic for populations competing in an ecosystem. We have to understand that farmers have a continuous fight against pests and armchair ideologues have to get into farmer fields to understand this.

Insect resistance management is a much-studied subject among scientists in the world.  The key is to use products with different modes of actions and follow many other agronomic practices.

Despite a lot of education and extension work on this front, the adoption of such practices by farmers is always less than adequate because they are compelled to use whatever immediate solution, they think is needed to fight the menace in the fields.

Continuous upgradation of technology is needed to keep fighting emerging challenges in crops. Stagnation of technology lets insect populations evolve and does not give us enough ammunition to fight the new challenges.

Factors influencing pests’ outbreak

According to Kaundinya, “Many factors influence the outbreaks of pests. PBW existed and was controlled with chemical pesticides and other practices even before Bt Cotton came into the country. Many measures related to ginning of cotton, movement of cotton seed for oil extraction, transportation of cotton from infected areas to other areas, destruction of plant residues from cotton fields are needed to control the spread of infestation. “

To argue that use of Bt cotton has not resulted in yield increases is a fallacious argument. Cotton yield in the country was 300kg/ha in 2002 when Bt cotton was introduced. It went up to 554kg/ha by 2007 which was a CAGR of 11 percent which is much higher than the 1 percent CAGR in the previous 12 years from 1990 to 2002. Was this not because of better pest control through Bt Cotton that the yields increased?

The fact that yields stagnated after 2008 is to be seen in the context of lack of technology upgradation, price control by governments which made it impossible for seed companies to invest in research to improve the quality of seed varieties.

Bt cotton controlled all bollworms

 FSII executive director Dr Shivendra Bajaj said, “Bt cotton controlled all the bollworms very effectively and continues to do so. Pink Bollworm outbreak could be a result of very good control of other bollworms, but it is also because we have not introduced more advanced upgrades of Bt technology, thanks to the activism and regulatory logjam. The needs of the farmers have been neglected.”

“In many states implementation of proper package of agronomic practices has provided good relief from PBW. GM technology goes beyond Bt Cotton and Herbicide Tolerant cotton. It has many other applications like Water Use Efficiency which reduces the use of water in cultivating crops, Nitrogen Use Efficiency which reduces the use of nitrogenous fertilizers in crops, Heat tolerance which helps crops to grow under higher temperatures, improving the nutritional profile of crops, etc. Many of these applications help us in preserving natural resources and improving nutrition of the poorer sections of the society. Rejecting all of them under the umbrella of GM crops is completely irrational and dangerous,” Bajaj adds.

We must realize that no technology gives permanent and complete solutions. In fact, for a technology to last 15-20 years without upgradation and still give good results is major achievement.

Instead of criticizing the technology, we should advocate for the upgradation and integrated management of the technology. The failed experiment of Sri Lanka with forcing organic cultivation by banning the import of all chemical pesticides and fertilizers is an example of how not to promote organic farming.

Each option should be used in specific applications where it gives the best value to the farmer. We need a basket of technologies including organic, crop protection chemicals, fertilizers, biotechnology interventions and breeding improvements for the farmers to have the awareness and freedom of choose the best and long-lasting solutions.

Image credit: nextias.com


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