|| Shree Mumba Devi Prasanna ||


AGMARKNET
03 Dec 2022
Wheat : 147 Average Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : 2189 No. 1 Max Price: 2455 Min Price: 2150   |   Wheat : 2189 No. 2 Max Price: 2825 Min Price: 2250   |   Wheat : Bansi Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 2500   |   Wheat : Dara Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2010   |   Wheat : Kalyan Max Price: 4441 Min Price: 2205   |   Wheat : Lok-1 Max Price: 2575 Min Price: 2550   |   Wheat : Lokwan Max Price: 2950 Min Price: 1990   |   Wheat : Lokwan Gujrat Max Price: 2670 Min Price: 2210   |   Wheat : Maharashtra 2189 Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Milbar Max Price: 2700 Min Price: 2400   |   Wheat : Mill Quality Max Price: 2606 Min Price: 1900   |   Wheat : MP Sharbati Max Price: 2700 Min Price: 2210   |   Wheat : PISSI Max Price: 2565 Min Price: 2380   |   Wheat : Rajasthan Tukdi Max Price: 2950 Min Price: 2355   |   Wheat : Sharbati Max Price: 5400 Min Price: 2180   |   Wheat : 1482 Max Price: 2580 Min Price: 2106   |   Wheat : Deshi Max Price: 3125 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Red Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : White Max Price: 3512 Min Price: 789   |   Wheat : Jawari Max Price: 3272 Min Price: 3272   |   Wheat : Local Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 1900   |   Wheat : Super Fine Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3000   |   Wheat : Medium Fine Max Price: 2755 Min Price: 2055   |   Wheat : Medium Max Price: 3180 Min Price: 2460   |   Wheat : Sonalika Max Price: 3100 Min Price: 2000   |   Wheat : Hybrid Max Price: 2905 Min Price: 2490   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1200   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Ponni Max Price: 2461 Min Price: 2000   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 36 Max Price: 1980 Min Price: 1500   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R. 64 Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 160.9   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : ADT 43 Max Price: 1923 Min Price: 1832   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : AST 16 Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1940   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : 1001 Max Price: 2446 Min Price: 1581   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Max Price: 2615 Min Price: 1510   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sona Mahsuri Max Price: 2559 Min Price: 1660   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Rajahamsa Max Price: 1750 Min Price: 1750   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy fine Max Price: 2450 Min Price: 1550   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Medium Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 1697   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Paddy Coarse Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Hansa Max Price: 2389 Min Price: 1520   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : I.R.-64 Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 1622   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Chitti Muthyalu Max Price: 3266 Min Price: 3266   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : B P T Max Price: 2208 Min Price: 1419   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Samba Masuri Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 2020   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1001 Max Price: 1702 Min Price: 1702   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : MTU-1010 Max Price: 2140 Min Price: 1675   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Masuri Max Price: 1780 Min Price: 1770   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Swarna Masuri (New) Max Price: 2060 Min Price: 1630   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : HMT Max Price: 2423 Min Price: 1419   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Sarvati Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2400   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Common Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1300   |   Paddy(Dhan)(Common) : Fine Max Price: 2450 Min Price: 2050   |   Rice : 1009 Kar Max Price: 2270 Min Price: 2120   |   Rice : Coarse Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1900   |   Rice : CR 1009 (Coarse) Boiled Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 4400   |   Rice : Fine Max Price: 6800 Min Price: 3100   |   Rice : Fine(Basmati) Max Price: 7450 Min Price: 7050   |   Rice : III Max Price: 3250 Min Price: 1650   |   Rice : Masuri Max Price: 3250 Min Price: 2500   |   Rice : Medium Max Price: 5200 Min Price: 2800   |   Rice : Pusa Basmati Raw (Old) Max Price: 3850 Min Price: 3350   |   Rice : Sarbati Raw Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4500   |   Rice : Jaya Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 3300   |   Rice : Sona Max Price: 5350 Min Price: 3120   |   Rice : Ratnachudi (718 5-749) Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 3800   |   Rice : Broken Rice Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2200   |   Rice : Hansa Max Price: 2300 Min Price: 2200   |   Rice : Common Max Price: 3300 Min Price: 1640   |   Maize : Deshi Red Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1450   |   Maize : Deshi White Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1980   |   Maize : Hybrid Yellow (Cattle Feed) Max Price: 1975 Min Price: 1962   |   Maize : Hybrid/Local Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1108   |   Maize : Local Max Price: 2315 Min Price: 1410   |   Maize : Red Max Price: 2105 Min Price: 2105   |   Maize : White (SAFED) Max Price: 2676 Min Price: 2080   |   Maize : Yellow Max Price: 2750 Min Price: 1580   |   Maize : Hybrid Max Price: 2370 Min Price: 1962   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar ( White) Max Price: 5160 Min Price: 1514   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar (Yellow) Max Price: 2505 Min Price: 1900   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Local Max Price: 3405 Min Price: 3000   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : White Max Price: 4050 Min Price: 4050   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Jowar Hybrid Max Price: 3512 Min Price: 1812   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Red Max Price: 3900 Min Price: 2300   |   Jowar(Sorghum) : Annigeri Max Price: 2985 Min Price: 2970   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Average (Whole) Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 3725   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (F.A.Q. Split) Max Price: 4650 Min Price: 3880   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Desi (Whole) Max Price: 6089 Min Price: 3651   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Small (Split) Max Price: 5900 Min Price: 5480   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Gulabi Max Price: 5230 Min Price: 5230   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Jawari/Local Max Price: 6800 Min Price: 2812   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Kabul Max Price: 7800 Min Price: 5500   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Kanta Max Price: 6275 Min Price: 3890   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Bengal Gram (Split) Max Price: 6820 Min Price: 3530   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : 999 Max Price: 5570 Min Price: 4400   |   Bengal Gram(Gram)(Whole) : Medium Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 4000   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Rajkot T-9 Max Price: 7170 Min Price: 5000   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Desi Max Price: 8130 Min Price: 4000   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram (Whole) Max Price: 11300 Min Price: 1210   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Black Gram Dal Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 11500   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 8155 Min Price: 7500   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 4500   |   Black Gram (Urd Beans)(Whole) : Medium Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 6000   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green (Whole) Max Price: 10500 Min Price: 1510   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Green Gram Dhall-I Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 4000   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Local (Whole) Max Price: 6670 Min Price: 6570   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 12500 Min Price: 5810   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 6925 Min Price: 5700   |   Green Gram (Moong)(Whole) : Ankola Max Price: 7775 Min Price: 7755   |   Groundnut : Big (With Shell) Max Price: 6555 Min Price: 4200   |   Groundnut : Gungri (With Shell) Max Price: 4045 Min Price: 4045   |   Groundnut : Balli/Habbu Max Price: 7393 Min Price: 2149   |   Groundnut : Gejje Max Price: 7601 Min Price: 1153   |   Groundnut : Hybrid Max Price: 7105 Min Price: 5730   |   Groundnut : Bold Max Price: 7030 Min Price: 5140   |   Groundnut : Groundnut seed Max Price: 6830 Min Price: 5500   |   Groundnut : Local Max Price: 8416 Min Price: 3429   |   Groundnut : G20 Max Price: 6815 Min Price: 5000   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : 95/5 Max Price: 11500 Min Price: 11400   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : White Max Price: 16200 Min Price: 7000   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Black Max Price: 14390 Min Price: 5000   |   Sesamum(Sesame,Gingelly,Til) : Sesame Max Price: 14250 Min Price: 11900   |   Mustard : Lohi Black Max Price: 6560 Min Price: 5700   |   Mustard : Sarson(Black) Max Price: 7700 Min Price: 5650   |   Mustard : Yellow (Black) Max Price: 7100 Min Price: 6900   |   Mustard : Mustard Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4001   |   Mustard : Big 100 Kg Max Price: 6560 Min Price: 5850   |   Soyabean : Local Max Price: 5335 Min Price: 3600   |   Soyabean : Yellow Max Price: 8411 Min Price: 2000   |   Soyabean : Black Max Price: 5355 Min Price: 4705   |   Soyabean : Soyabeen Max Price: 5600 Min Price: 2209   |   Sunflower : Sunflower Max Price: 6720 Min Price: 3871   |   Sunflower : Local Max Price: 5700 Min Price: 5700   |   Cotton : H-4(A) 27mm FIne Max Price: 8900 Min Price: 8800   |   Cotton : Shanker 6 (B) 30mm FIne Max Price: 9125 Min Price: 7550   |   Cotton : LD-327 Max Price: 9059 Min Price: 8959   |   Cotton : LH-1556 Max Price: 9233 Min Price: 2582   |   Cotton : F-1054 Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 8000   |   Cotton : Desi Max Price: 8965 Min Price: 5511   |   Cotton : American Max Price: 9111 Min Price: 7400   |   Cotton : Cotton (Unginned) Max Price: 8700 Min Price: 6380   |   Cotton : 170-CO2 (Unginned) Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 8000   |   Cotton : A.K. 235 (Unginned) Max Price: 9000 Min Price: 8000   |   Cotton : H.B (Unginned) Max Price: 9005 Min Price: 8280   |   Cotton : H.Y.4 (Unginned) Max Price: 8975 Min Price: 8350   |   Cotton : Cotton (Ginned) Max Price: 8865 Min Price: 8469   |   Cotton : 170-C2 (Ginned) Max Price: 6080 Min Price: 6080   |   Cotton : Varalakshmi (Ginned) Max Price: 9269 Min Price: 3002   |   Cotton : MCU 5 Max Price: 8069 Min Price: 7100   |   Cotton : GCH Max Price: 9299 Min Price: 9299   |   Cotton : H4 Max Price: 8778 Min Price: 7900   |   Cotton : Bramha Max Price: 8800 Min Price: 5980   |   Cotton : Bunny Max Price: 8889 Min Price: 5529   |   Cotton : Local Max Price: 9125 Min Price: 8250   |   Cotton : H-6 Max Price: 8795 Min Price: 6880   |   Cotton : RCH-2 Max Price: 8800 Min Price: 5980   |   Cotton : Narma BT Cotton Max Price: 9100 Min Price: 8500   |   Jute : TD-5 Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 5300   |   Apple : American Max Price: 6150 Min Price: 1900   |   Apple : Delicious Max Price: 8250 Min Price: 840   |   Apple : Golden Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 1900   |   Apple : Kasmir/Shimla - II Max Price: 500000 Min Price: 3250   |   Apple : Kullu Royal Delicious Max Price: 4062.5 Min Price: 1250   |   Apple : Maharaji Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1600   |   Apple : Red Gold Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2800   |   Apple : Royal Delicious Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 4000   |   Apple : Simla Max Price: 7000 Min Price: 3000   |   Apple : Apple Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 1000   |   Orange : Darjeeling Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2800   |   Orange : Medium Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 5500   |   Orange : Nagpuri Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2450   |   Orange : Orange Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Besrai Max Price: 2160 Min Price: 2120   |   Banana : Khandesh Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 450   |   Banana : Medium Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 700   |   Banana : Nendra Bale Max Price: 50000 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Banana - Ripe Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 440   |   Banana : Pachha Bale Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 600   |   Banana : Elakki Bale Max Price: 4700 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Nauti Bale Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 700   |   Banana : Red Banana Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 4300   |   Banana : Rasakathai Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 4000   |   Banana : Poovan Max Price: 45000 Min Price: 2200   |   Banana : Robusta Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1500   |   Banana : Palayamthodan Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 1200   |   Banana : Karpura Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 900   |   Banana : Chakkarakeli(White) Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 1200   |   Banana : Chakkarakeli(Red) Max Price: 1650 Min Price: 1150   |   Banana : Amruthapani Max Price: 2240 Min Price: 925   |   Banana : Bhushavali(Pacha) Max Price: 1500 Min Price: 1000   |   Banana : Desi(Bontha) Max Price: 2995 Min Price: 600   |   Pineapple : Pine Apple Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1200   |   Grapes : Black Max Price: 8200 Min Price: 2500   |   Grapes : Green Max Price: 14500 Min Price: 2400   |   Grapes : White Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 4500   |   Onion : Nasik Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 500   |   Onion : Pole Max Price: 3245 Min Price: 300   |   Onion : Red Max Price: 2760 Min Price: 100   |   Onion : White Max Price: 2210 Min Price: 830   |   Onion : Bangalore-Samall Max Price: 800 Min Price: 200   |   Onion : Pusa-Red Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 550   |   Onion : Local Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 100   |   Onion : Onion Max Price: 8800 Min Price: 300   |   Onion : Puna Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 500   |   Onion : Telagi Max Price: 1870 Min Price: 400   |   Onion : Big Max Price: 30000 Min Price: 1120   |   Onion : Medium Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 800   |   Onion : Small Max Price: 75000 Min Price: 3000   |   Onion : 2nd Sort Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 400   |   Onion : 1st Sort Max Price: 2800 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : (Red Nanital) Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 800   |   Potato : Chandermukhi Max Price: 1630 Min Price: 1600   |   Potato : Desi Max Price: 2100 Min Price: 350   |   Potato : F.A.Q. Max Price: 1400 Min Price: 780   |   Potato : Haldwani Max Price: 1860 Min Price: 1100   |   Potato : Red Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 1000   |   Potato : Jalander Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : Jyoti Max Price: 1600 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Badshah Max Price: 1550 Min Price: 900   |   Potato : Local Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 600   |   Potato : Potato Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : Chips Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Potato : Kufri Megha Max Price: 1480 Min Price: 930   |   Garlic : Average Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 1400   |   Garlic : Desi Max Price: 4600 Min Price: 2350   |   Garlic : Garlic Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 705   |   Garlic : UP Max Price: 3600 Min Price: 3500   |   Chili Red : Red Max Price: 32500 Min Price: 31500   |   Ginger(Dry) : Dry Max Price: 15000 Min Price: 5000   |   Ginger(Dry) : Vegitable-fresh Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2500   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Bold Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 1600   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Deshi Max Price: 2610 Min Price: 1425   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Hybrid Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 1600   |   Bajra(Pearl Millet/Cumbu) : Local Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 1400   |   Barley (Jau) : Dara Max Price: 2950 Min Price: 1600   |   Barley (Jau) : Deshi Max Price: 3010 Min Price: 2926   |   Barley (Jau) : Local Max Price: 3810 Min Price: 3810   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Fine Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2900   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Local Max Price: 2521 Min Price: 2306   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Red Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 2600   |   Ragi (Finger Millet) : Hybrid Max Price: 2117 Min Price: 2023   |   Cauliflower : African Sarson Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 500   |   Cauliflower : Local Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 400   |   Cauliflower : Cauliflower Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 200   |   Brinjal : Round Max Price: 2700 Min Price: 500   |   Brinjal : Round/Long Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 400   |   Brinjal : Arkasheela Mattigulla Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 300   |   Brinjal : Brinjal Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 300   |   Black pepper : Malabar Max Price: 48899 Min Price: 46539   |   Black pepper : Ungrabled Max Price: 50000 Min Price: 48000   |   Black pepper : Garbled Max Price: 56000 Min Price: 47000   |   Cummin Seed(Jeera) : Cummin Seed(Jeera) Max Price: 24740 Min Price: 12900   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Local Max Price: 10633 Min Price: 2200   |   Coriander(Leaves) : Coriander Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 200   |   Methi(Leaves) : Methi Max Price: 2700 Min Price: 500   |   Methi Seeds : Methiseeds Max Price: 7900 Min Price: 1500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar (Whole) Max Price: 7580 Min Price: 2022   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 5900   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : 777 New Ind Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 4800   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Desi(Whole) Max Price: 7300 Min Price: 5950   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Small (Whole) Max Price: 6825 Min Price: 6425   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Local Max Price: 7266 Min Price: 5000   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Hybrid Max Price: 5050 Min Price: 4500   |   Arhar (Tur/Red Gram)(Whole) : Red Max Price: 7031 Min Price: 5189   |   Green Peas : Green Peas Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 1800   |   Green Peas : White Fozi Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 3500   |   Safflower : Safflower Max Price: 6200 Min Price: 5121   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masur Dal Max Price: 9900 Min Price: 5600   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 7480 Min Price: 5800   |   Lentil (Masur)(Whole) : Masoor Gola Max Price: 7840 Min Price: 5200   |   Field Pea : Field Pea Max Price: 6100 Min Price: 600   |   Linseed : Linseed Max Price: 6625 Min Price: 6300   |   Chikoos(Sapota) : Sapota Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 2300   |   Papaya : Papaya Max Price: 6600 Min Price: 261   |   Water Melon : Water Melon Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 1000   |   Guar : Gwar Max Price: 5625 Min Price: 1500   |   Mousambi(Sweet Lime) : Mousambi Max Price: 7500 Min Price: 1650   |   Tomato : Deshi Max Price: 3700 Min Price: 300   |   Tomato : Sankar Max Price: 1880 Min Price: 1700   |   Tomato : Local Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 500   |   Tomato : Hybrid Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 900   |   Tomato : Tomato Max Price: 4400 Min Price: 200   |   Cluster beans : Cluster Beans Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1000   |   Bitter gourd : Bitter Gourd Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 600   |   Bottle gourd : Bottle Gourd Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 160   |   Ashgourd : Ashgourd Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1000   |   Pumpkin : Pumpkin Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 300   |   Bhindi(Ladies Finger) : Bhindi Max Price: 12600 Min Price: 500   |   Amaranthus : Amaranthus Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 2400   |   Green Chilli : Green Chilly Max Price: 55000 Min Price: 500   |   Cowpea(Veg) : Cowpea (Veg) Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 2000   |   Banana - Green : Banana - Green Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 800   |   Cowpea (Lobia/Karamani) : Cowpea (Whole) Max Price: 11000 Min Price: 7100   |   Beans : Beans (Whole) Max Price: 6600 Min Price: 800   |   Beans : Local Max Price: 3400 Min Price: 3200   |   Tapioca : Tapioca Max Price: 4700 Min Price: 2000   |   Amphophalus : Amphophalus Max Price: 4000 Min Price: 2000   |   Ginger(Green) : Green Ginger Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 1250   |   Corriander seed : Coriander Seed Max Price: 14000 Min Price: 6400   |   Coconut Seed : Coconut Seed Max Price: 2900 Min Price: 2850   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Horse gram (Whole) Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 5500   |   Kulthi(Horse Gram) : Fine Max Price: 4675 Min Price: 4200   |   Foxtail Millet(Navane) : Navane Hybrid Max Price: 3465 Min Price: 2869   |   Castor Seed : Castor seed Max Price: 7360 Min Price: 5250   |   Castor Seed : Caster Max Price: 7350 Min Price: 6750   |   Copra : Copra Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 14000   |   Dry Chillies : Byadgi Max Price: 57000 Min Price: 38000   |   Dry Chillies : Dabbi Max Price: 50536 Min Price: 40699   |   Dry Chillies : Kaddi Max Price: 35099 Min Price: 2099   |   Dry Chillies : Local Max Price: 51199 Min Price: 810   |   Dry Chillies : Guntur Max Price: 31000 Min Price: 27000   |   Dry Chillies : Red Max Price: 26000 Min Price: 12750   |   Dry Chillies : 1st Sort Max Price: 25000 Min Price: 13000   |   Dry Chillies : 2nd Sort Max Price: 12000 Min Price: 5000   |   Soanf : Soanf Max Price: 16575 Min Price: 12625   |   Ajwan : Ajwan Max Price: 13450 Min Price: 5200   |   Coconut : Coconut Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 2200   |   Coconut : Big Max Price: 3200 Min Price: 2800   |   Coconut : Grade-I Max Price: 25000 Min Price: 15000   |   Coconut : Grade-III Max Price: 22000 Min Price: 22000   |   Sweet Potato : Hosur Green Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 700   |   Sweet Potato : Sweet Potato Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 800   |   Carrot : Carrot Max Price: 7700 Min Price: 400   |   Cabbage : Cabbage Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 200   |   Snakeguard : Snakeguard Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 1000   |   Beetroot : Beetroot Max Price: 6000 Min Price: 600   |   White Pumpkin : White Pumpkin Max Price: 1900 Min Price: 1600   |   Cucumbar(Kheera) : Cucumbar Max Price: 35000 Min Price: 400   |   Ridgeguard(Tori) : Ridgeguard(Tori) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 1400   |   Raddish : Raddish Max Price: 2200 Min Price: 300   |   Thondekai : Thondekai Max Price: 4500 Min Price: 2500   |   Capsicum : Capsicum Max Price: 10000 Min Price: 800   |   Green Avare (W) : Green Avare (W) Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 3500   |   Alsandikai : Alsandikai Max Price: 4300 Min Price: 4100   |   Chow Chow : Chow Chow Max Price: 1200 Min Price: 400   |   Drumstick : Drumstick Max Price: 28000 Min Price: 1200   |   Chapparad Avare : Chapparada Avarekai Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 4000   |   Thogrikai : Thogarikai Max Price: 3300 Min Price: 2500   |   Leafy Vegetable : Leafy Vegetables Max Price: 4200 Min Price: 700   |   Mango (Raw-Ripe) : Mango - Raw-Ripe Max Price: 8000 Min Price: 4000   |   Sweet Pumpkin : Sweet Pumpkin Max Price: 1800 Min Price: 1000   |   Peas Wet : Peas Wet Max Price: 6500 Min Price: 1500   |   Seemebadnekai : Seemebadanekai Max Price: 2400 Min Price: 1000   |   Knool Khol : Knool Khol Max Price: 2000 Min Price: 400   |   Suvarna Gadde : Suvarnagadde Max Price: 3500 Min Price: 2800   |   Lime : Lime Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 500   |   Guava : Guava Alahabad Max Price: 2500 Min Price: 1000   |   Guava : Guava Navalur Max Price: 5000 Min Price: 4000   |   Guava : Guava Max Price: 5500 Min Price: 500   |   Karbuja(Musk Melon) : Karbhuja Max Price: 3000 Min Price: 1150   |   Pomegranate : Pomogranate Max Price: 16000 Min Price: 3000   |   Tender Coconut : Tender Coconut Max Price: 24000 Min Price: 6000   |   Moath Dal : Moath Dal Max Price: 8625 Min Price: 6500   |   Moath Dal : Moath (W) Max Price: 10650 Min Price: 7500   |   Masur Dal : Masur Dal Max Price: 9400 Min Price: 7300   |   Masur Dal : Kala Masoor New Max Price: 8660 Min Price: 7125   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : Arhar Dal(Tur) Max Price: 12400 Min Price: 8500   |   Arhar Dal(Tur Dal) : U.P. 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Dairy


Enhancing Milk Productivity & Quality in India

 Enhancing Milk Productivity & Quality in India

Milk is a lacteal secretion obtained by complete milking of one or more healthy milch animals. For a healthy diet, milk is important as it provides all the beneficial health nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, enzymes and vitamins required for the human body.India observed 16th World Milk Day on June 1, 2016, third National Milk Day on November 26, 2016 and a decade of the integrated food law [Food Safety and Standards Act 2006].

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Milk is a lacteal secretion obtained by complete milking of one or more healthy milch animals. For a healthy diet, milk is important as it provides all the beneficial health nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, enzymes and vitamins required for the human body.India observed 16th World Milk Day on June 1, 2016, third National Milk Day on November 26, 2016 and a decade of the integrated food law [Food Safety and Standards Act 2006]. The observance should be relevant to substantially improve milk yield per animal and its quality and wholesomeness. India as the leading global milk producer needs to ensure the availability of clean, pure and nutritious milk to all citizens, attractive returns to milk producers and an efficient and well-functioning dairy chain, be it in matters of production, processing or marketing.  

India needs to create significant awareness among all stakeholders to harness the potential of milk & milk products to address country’s nutritional security and livelihood of 80 to 90 million farm families. The need is to double the milk yield per animal and significantly improve the milk quality to conform international standards. The dairy farming should become economically viable and financially bankable for small and marginal farmers [S&MFs]including agricultural labourers and internationally competitive.Against this background, this article highlights the significant growth of dairy industry and suggests the aspects of strategic action plan to double the milk yield per animal and improve its quality.

Milk Output 

India has the largest cattle population of 191 million in the world.Milk production was just 17million ton [MT] in 1950 with annual growth rate of only 1.2% during 1950s and 1960s, which increased to 4.3% propelling India to be the largest milk producer in the world since 1998. A national milk grid is established where annually over 13 million tons of milk is procured. In 2015-16, milk output is estimated to have increased to 160.35 MT and procurement of 42.162 million Kg per day.

Milk output [Million Ton] and Procurement [Million Kg/day]during 2008-09 to 2015-16

Year

Output

Procurement

Year

Output

Procurement

2008-09

112.18

25.156

2013-14

137.69

34.102

2009-10

116.43

25.864

2014-15

146.31

37.834

2010-11

121.85

26.202

2015-16

160.35

42.162

2011-12

127.90

28.706

% increase

42.94

67.60

2012-13

132.43

33.507

CAGR %

5.24

7.66

Source: Express India dated 15-07-2016, harishdamodran@expressindia.com

India is, also, one of the largest consumers of milk and milk products in the world and the industry size is estimated at Rs.430 billion.During three decades [1982 to 2012] average milk yield of cattle and buffalo per day has grown from 1.9 kg to 3.9 kg and 3.7kg to 6.2 kg respectively. Although milk yield of cross bred cattle is 7.10 kg/day it is, also, significantly lower than that in UK [25.6], USA [32.8] & Israel [36.6]. This can be attributed largely to factors, viz. [i] quite a large number of S&MFs,  rural women and landless actively pursuing dairy farming have inadequate resources, technical know-how and low level of capability to manage cattle efficiently [ii] both intrinsic (low genetic potential) and extrinsic (poor nutrition/feed management, inferior farm management practices, inadequate veterinary and extension services and inefficient implementation of breed improvement programs) [iii]inadequate investment & efforts in arresting the declining key natural grazing resources in particular.

Milk consumption is growing at around 6.00% annually against 4.00% rate of production.The per capita milk availability has increased from 120 gm/day in 1960 to 307 grams in 2013-14 and further to 359 grams in 2014-15.The National Dairy Development Board has projected the demand for milk at 200MT by 2021-22. Government has invested Rs.22.42 billion to help meet a national demand of 150 million tons of milk by 2016-17.

National Dairy Plan

On 19th April 2012, the NDDB launched a 15-year perspective National Dairy Plan [NDP] envisaging an outlay of Rs.173 billion which aims at increasing the productivity of milch animals by adopting focused scientific and systematic processes and help rural milk producers greater access to the organized milk processing sector.It will cover about 1.2 million milk producers in 23,800 villages and aims at increasing milk procurement by cooperatives from current level of 30% to 65% in next 15 years. In order to enable cooperatives to perform better the constitution of existing cooperatives is amended to increase transparency in the cooperative sector and facilitates setting up of producer companies or new generation cooperatives.The NDDB will implement through its End Implementing Agencies located in each of the 14 major milk producing States.

Strategic Action Plan

India, to become globally competitive, will need to create an efficient supply chain network through significant investment in infrastructure and human resources. R&D efforts need to be intensified for sustaining the cost of production, increasing milk yield per animal and its quality, fodder productivity and risk mitigation. This requires developing innovative farming models and motivating a large number of small milk producers to adopt them. Linking the production system to the consumer demand and processing units requires a robust value chain, intensive research and technology infusion.  These strengths can further be leveraged with balanced growth of crop and livestock farming system. Strategic action plan should, therefore, focus on following aspects. 

  • Equal Status: Dairy farming now deserves to be given equal status on par with agriculture, rather than its subsidiary status, in view of its share in agricultural GDP and employment. Village-level milk producing units should be brought in the organized sector and promoted in a systematic manner to convert existing individual sustenance dairy farms and traditional family farms into collective, community and commercial farms operating as business farms. This would call for intensive training and capacity building of dairy farmers [human resources] with focus on business-like operations, financial and marketing management. 
  • Data Base: India should have a robust system to periodically generate survey based data and information on critical aspects of dairy sector that can help formulate five year perspective plan for targeted milk production State-wise bridging the gaps in institutional and physical infrastructure. India should develop a system to compete with developed countries where every milch animal is tagged with a number and every drop of milk processed, value added, marketed and instantly recorded.                     
  • Safety Standards: Unfortunately, a large share of the supply or production still does not conform to the domestic, leave alone global food safety standards. This is due to adulteration, lack of awareness &rigorous enforcement of Food Safety Standards and inadequate infrastructure comprising technology and trained manpower.
  • Milk production environment: The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India in a nationwide survey on milk adulteration in 2011 observed that 68.4% out of 1791 samples from 33 States did not conform to standards laid down by the food regulator. At the instance of Indian Dairy Association the FSSAI has now launched a fresh nationwide Milk Surveillance in 2016 covering 29 States and eight Union Territories. This may be one of the key reasons for India’s 0.4% share in global export despite India accounts for 17% of the global milk output. To remedy the situation, it requires significant investments in terms of purchasing electronic milk-testing machines, electronic weighing systems as well as chilling and transportation equipment. If this is accomplished, the quality of milk collected directly from farmers will be better, unadulterated and relatively cheaper.The environment under which milk is produced, collected, transported, processed and distributed should be fully conducive and that animal raising practices related to sanitation, quality of drinking water, feed and fodder, type and quality of pipelines etc. must be aligned to the goal of healthy milk. Farmers need to be trained/ guided to display high degree of hygiene and know-how of animal health care and nutrition.  
  • Organized sector: Growth in milk production will need substantial increase in milk handling capacity and marketing in organized sector since about 80% of milk produced is still handled in the unorganized sector and only remaining 20% is shared between cooperatives and private dairies. The organized dairy sector [comprising cooperatives and private sector] will have to progressively and systematically plan to expand their coverage of milk producers, penetrate into interior villages and improve their current share of marketable surplus from 30% to 65% by 2021-22. This would in turn make available larger volumes of good quality milk at competitive prices to consumers.
  • Capitalizing the Strength of Cooperatives: For900millionpeopleresidingin6,40,867 villages in India, dairying is not only just a large economic activity but also an integral part of India’s social and cultural heritage. Its uniqueness lies in its unifying power as no other industry touches lives of millions of farmers of which 70% are landless. Dairy cooperatives as the peoples’ institutions are the result of dairy farmers’ entrepreneurship to exploit the potential of dairy markets in India. These institutions have to be driven like businesses enterprises combining professional management with technical and financial expertise. The need is to nurture dairy entrepreneurs through effective training of rural youths at the village level coupled with dedicated leadership and professional management of farmers’ institutions/organizations.
  • Cross Breeding: History records that a crossbred cow Jill [a combination of Ireshire bull and Haryana cow] gave 65 litres of milk per day in 1927 at National Dairy Research Institute ,Bangaluru. This shows the extent of milk yield potential that can be harnessed through scientific cross-breeding techniques. However, strategies to achieve 200MT milk output by 2022 should consider realistic assessment of the options available for production enhancement specific to each agro-ecological region and socio-economic conditions of milk producers. Cross breeding has been one of the most promising options, but not the only one. A comprehensive review and a social and economic analysis of our experiences of cross breeding in past three decades can better guide the strategic planning for future.More realistic approach could be to undertake systematic breeding and genetic upgradation of India’s finest indigenous cattle, viz. Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir, Kankrej and Rathi which are, in fact, good milk producers.  An organised effort to conserve and propagate elite germplasm from nucleus breeding herds will facilitate poor farmers to rear desi cattle more economically.
  • Artificial Insemination:At present there are 51 semen stations in India with a production capacity of 81 million doses /year against the current demand of 100 million doses for bovine semen and 150 million doses in the next few years. Most of the semen stations cater to the demand for buffalo semen and germplasm of exotic and cross bred cattle. The country needs to augment trained manpower including veterinary personnel to provide quick services. Besides, provide quality equipment and appropriate training to avoid artificially inseminated cows becoming infertile and developing infections. 
  • Feed management: About 34% is the current deficit of green fodder and concentrates, besides a supply-demand gap for quality forage seeds. Application of technology to produce large scale feed blocks, feed enzymes and other innovative feed resources, needs to be deployed.Effective implementation of the Ration Balancing Programme of NDDB and Accelerated Fodder Development Programme of the Government can ensure better feed availability and improved nutrition.
  • Veterinary services: Currentlydue to lack of adequately trained manpower and their mobility, the services provided do not create desired impact. An authentic, concurrently updated database for prevalence and emergence of diseases is essential for identification, onward prevention and control. Infrastructure of vaccine and diagnostic production units, semen stations and AI breeding farms that is largely owned by the government can be more efficiently utilised by way of appropriate participation of the private sector.
  • Market Access: Dairy industry’s potential for inclusive/equitable growth and income distribution in villages can be harnessed by enhancing market access and offering stable and remunerative prices to farmers. Integrating dairying and crop farming with value chain system can be a better source of sustainable livelihood of rural poor and most vulnerable families.
  • Export: India contributes about 17% of the global milk output but its share in global export is insignificant at 0.4%. A large quantity of milk still remains unprocessed. India is surrounded by countries and regions that are milk-deficient viz. Bangladesh, China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Japan, the UAE, Oman and other gulf countries all of which are located close to India. India, therefore, needs to have a systematic research and feasibility studies under Public-Private-Partnership mode to explore theses hitherto unexploited international markets and initiate specific policy and programs on lines of Agricultural Products Export Development Authority in consultation with Union Commerce Ministry, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade and Indian embassies in these countries. Rich experience of the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation can be fruitfully utilized in the area of export of milk and milk products.
  • Best Practices: Resourceful farmers in India can be motivated and incentivized to learn best practices across the world. For example, Super Cows in Israel produce 12,000 litres milk a year because of superior breeding techniques, balanced nutrition, and management practices including better health care.

Surplus Milk Production in Developed Countries: Liberal subsidies, accompanied by application of science and technology, have been instrumental to make the few resourceful farmers in developed countries capable to produce surplus milk. As for example, the annual subsidies paid to milk producers are estimated at US $ 15 billion in the US, US$ 11billion in the EU and US $ 6billion in Canada. As compared to these total US$ 32 billion subsidies, the value of 141 million tons of raw milk produced in India without subsidy during 2014-15 is estimated at US$ 65 billion. For the first time, the ministerial conference of the WTO in December 2015 in Nairobi has legally bound the member countries to remove subsidies and promote free trade in farm produce. Withdrawal of subsidy obviously would limit the surplus milk production and arrest the fall in international prices.

Not only the surplus milk production in the EU, the US, New Zealand and Australia   has already caused slump in milk prices but under the provision of free trade agreement [FTA], these major nations producing surplus milk will exert sufficient pressure to allow them duty-free exports of their products to India. If this happens it would be detrimental to the interest of 80 to 90 million families to sustain their livelihoods, leave alone making a decent living. World Trade Organization, on one hand has opened up the opportunities in international trade by increased market access and worldwide reduction in import tariffs. However, in practice, these are being used as potent tools by developed countries to not only obstruct entry of dairy and other agricultural products from developing countries but also distort the free and fair operation in the international markets.

According to the Rural-21 dated 9th June 2016 [Frankfurt,Germany], the NGOs have warned that production of surplus milk by the EU farmers since 2011 is the decisive cause of flooding the world milk markets with massive excess milk leading to the slump in prices which threaten to dairy farmers’ livelihood in West Africa. Growth in surplus ratcheted up sharply in the course of eliminating milk quota in 2015. By contrast global demand for milk rose significantly more slowly. Possible solution for Africa and the EU is to put in place a policy framework to check excess production in the EU and virtually unrestricted imports to West Africa.

About Dr Amrit Patel

Dr Patel is an Ahmedabad based agriculture & rural credit consultant and has served as deputy general manager, Bank of Baroda. He has worked as Research Officer for 10 years with Department of Agriculture, and two years as Assistant Professor with Gujarat Agricultural University. Junagarh, India and published seven research papers. Dr Patel has also been guest faculty for 10 years in College of Agricultural Banking of Reserve Bank of India Pune; National Institute of Bank Management Pune; National Institute of Rural Development, Hyderabad.

Photo Credit: indolinkenglish.com


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